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HGMS-FCS1

Ms. Osteen's Nutrients

QuestionAnswer
Calorie A unit used to measure the energy used by the body and the energy that food supplies to the body.
Nutrients Carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, water.
Proteins Help the body build and repair and maintain tissues.
Carbohydrates They provide the main source of energy and fiber. Starches are found in grains; sugars are found in fruit and milk.
Fats They are a source of energy. They supply essential fatty acids for growth and healthy skin.
Vitamins Substances needed in small quantities to help regulate body functions. They help your body use other nutrients, store and use energy, and fight infection.
Amino acids The building blocks that make up proteins.
Complete proteins Foods that are a good source of protein and contain all the essential amino acids.
Examples of complete proteins Protein foods that come from animals; like, meat, fish, poultry, milk, cheese and eggs.
Incomplete proteins Foods that are a good source of protein, but lack one or more of the essential amino acids.
Examples of incomplete proteins Protein foods that come from plants; like, dry beans or nuts.
Fiber Plant material that your body cannot digest. Helps your body eliminate waste.
Cholesterol A waxy substance that comes from saturated animal fats.
Vitamin A Helps eyes adjust to darkness and is found in dark green, leafy vegetables.
Vitamin C Helps the body fight infection, helps wounds heal, helps keep gums healthy.
Vitaimin K Helps blood to clot.
Minerals Elements needed in small amounts for sturdy bones and teeth, healthy blood, and regular elimination of body wastes.
Calcium Helps build strong, healthy teeth and bones.
Iron It is an essential component of blood. Women need about twice as much as men do.
Water Regulates body functions and temperature and aids digestion.
Created by: osteenjody on 2009-10-29



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