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Literary Elements6AB

6AB Literary Elements Study Guide 10/09

EXPOSITION Comprised of the setting, the main character (protagonist), and the conflict or goal of the main character. Typically found at the beginning of a story.
CHARACTER A character is a person or an animal in a work of literature. A character can even be a thing—for example, the stuffed toy in The Velveteen Rabbit or the computer in the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey.
CHARACTERIZATION How a writer reveals what a character is like. Writers do this in different ways.
What are the different ways a writer reveals what a character is like? * direct characterization - what the character is like (kind, shy) * give the actual words of the character * tell what the character is thinking or feeling * tell about a character’s actions * tell how others respond to the character. -
SETTING The time (past, present, future), place, and atmosphere in which a story’s events occur.
ATMOSPHERE The general feeling or mood created by imagery and descriptions in a story: scary, exciting, sad, happy, bittersweet. The atmosphere at the end of “The Circuit” is sad.
CONFLICT The major struggle between characters or between opposing forces. There are different types of conflicts - External and Internal.
What is a External Conflict? External conflict - the main character struggles with another person or an outside force, like the sea – person vs. person; person vs. nature.
What is a Internal Conflict? Internal conflict- the main character struggles with opposing ideas or feelings within his or her own mind, like wanting to make friends at a new school but also being very shy. person vs. self; person vs. society.
COMPLICATIONS The things the character must deal with as she or he tries to solve the conflict or reach a goal.
PLOT This is the series of events that make up the story.
CLIMAX The exciting point in the story where the main character(s) is face-to-face with the conflict or goal. It is the point where the conflict/goal will finally be settled, one way or another. It occurs toward the end of the story.
RESOLUTION This occurs at the end of the story, after the climax. It often includes how the main character feels about experiences faced in the story.
THEME This is the big idea that a story conveys about life. It is not usually stated directly; it is up to the readers to discover the theme for themselves. Some stories may have more than one theme.
Created by: bigelowtafm114