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# Praxis II 0014 math

### some math terms for praxis II test 0014

Question | Answer |
---|---|

three types of critical thinking | deductive reasoning, inductive reasoning, adaptive reasoning |

deductive reasoning | conclusions are made based on prior knowledge, facts and truth. A step-by-step process of drawing conclusion. Only valid and reliable when all the premises are true and each step follows the previous logically. |

example of deductive reasoning | You have lived in CA all of your life and have experienced many earthquakes. One day you are in a store and the shelves begin to shake and the ground buckles. You reason that there is an earthquake occurring. |

inductive reasoning | Process of reasoning based on observations (not proof). Drawing conclusions based upon observations to develop hypotheses. |

example of inductive reasoning | You observe in an ice cream shop one summer day that bubble gum flavored ice cream is ordered by children. You reason that children exclusively order bubble gum ice cream. |

adaptive reasoning | The ability to justify strategies and to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of solutions proposed by others. |

problem analysis | the ability to apply and adapt a variety of mathematical strategies to solve problems |

five and ten anchors | useful relationships to know as 10 plays a large role in the numeration system |

part-part-whole | learn to recognize that a number is made up of two or more parts, as this will help students construct and deconstruct process numbers |

lowest common multiple (LCM) | the number that is a multiple of each of the two numbers being compared and is lower than all other multiples |

educational supports that calculators provide | support counting (skip counting), promote basic fact memorization, aid learning of place value, assist in computation, show reasonableness of answers |

Two requirements of a function (in a function machine) | 1. Consistency (every time the same input is plugged in, the same output is received), 2. one output (each input will produce only one possible output) |

pattern recognition skills | finding, describing, explaining and predicting |

chevron | a V |

undecagon | 11 sided polygon |

dodecogon | 12 sided polygon |

tetrahedron | a 4 faced polyhedron |

octahedron | an 8 face polyhedron |

dodecahedron | a 12 faced polyhedron |

icosahedron | an 18 faced polyhedron |

translation | when a shape moves by sliding to another area of the plane |

geometrical net | when a 3D shape is broken down to a 2D diagram |

hectometer | 100 meters |

dekameter | 10 meters |

complimentary angle | when two angles are measured and the sum of their degrees is equal to 90 |

supplementary angles | 2 angles whose sum is 180 |

Created by:
allie424
on 2009-10-27