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# Praxis II 0014 math

### some math terms for praxis II test 0014

three types of critical thinking deductive reasoning, inductive reasoning, adaptive reasoning
deductive reasoning conclusions are made based on prior knowledge, facts and truth. A step-by-step process of drawing conclusion. Only valid and reliable when all the premises are true and each step follows the previous logically.
example of deductive reasoning You have lived in CA all of your life and have experienced many earthquakes. One day you are in a store and the shelves begin to shake and the ground buckles. You reason that there is an earthquake occurring.
inductive reasoning Process of reasoning based on observations (not proof). Drawing conclusions based upon observations to develop hypotheses.
example of inductive reasoning You observe in an ice cream shop one summer day that bubble gum flavored ice cream is ordered by children. You reason that children exclusively order bubble gum ice cream.
adaptive reasoning The ability to justify strategies and to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of solutions proposed by others.
problem analysis the ability to apply and adapt a variety of mathematical strategies to solve problems
five and ten anchors useful relationships to know as 10 plays a large role in the numeration system
part-part-whole learn to recognize that a number is made up of two or more parts, as this will help students construct and deconstruct process numbers
lowest common multiple (LCM) the number that is a multiple of each of the two numbers being compared and is lower than all other multiples
educational supports that calculators provide support counting (skip counting), promote basic fact memorization, aid learning of place value, assist in computation, show reasonableness of answers
Two requirements of a function (in a function machine) 1. Consistency (every time the same input is plugged in, the same output is received), 2. one output (each input will produce only one possible output)
pattern recognition skills finding, describing, explaining and predicting
chevron a V
undecagon 11 sided polygon
dodecogon 12 sided polygon
tetrahedron a 4 faced polyhedron
octahedron an 8 face polyhedron
dodecahedron a 12 faced polyhedron
icosahedron an 18 faced polyhedron
translation when a shape moves by sliding to another area of the plane
geometrical net when a 3D shape is broken down to a 2D diagram
hectometer 100 meters
dekameter 10 meters
complimentary angle when two angles are measured and the sum of their degrees is equal to 90
supplementary angles 2 angles whose sum is 180
Created by: allie424