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Praxis II 0014 math
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Praxis II 0014 math
some math terms for praxis II test 0014
Question  Answer 

three types of critical thinking  deductive reasoning, inductive reasoning, adaptive reasoning 
deductive reasoning  conclusions are made based on prior knowledge, facts and truth. A stepbystep process of drawing conclusion. Only valid and reliable when all the premises are true and each step follows the previous logically. 
example of deductive reasoning  You have lived in CA all of your life and have experienced many earthquakes. One day you are in a store and the shelves begin to shake and the ground buckles. You reason that there is an earthquake occurring. 
inductive reasoning  Process of reasoning based on observations (not proof). Drawing conclusions based upon observations to develop hypotheses. 
example of inductive reasoning  You observe in an ice cream shop one summer day that bubble gum flavored ice cream is ordered by children. You reason that children exclusively order bubble gum ice cream. 
adaptive reasoning  The ability to justify strategies and to analyze the strengths and weaknesses of solutions proposed by others. 
problem analysis  the ability to apply and adapt a variety of mathematical strategies to solve problems 
five and ten anchors  useful relationships to know as 10 plays a large role in the numeration system 
partpartwhole  learn to recognize that a number is made up of two or more parts, as this will help students construct and deconstruct process numbers 
lowest common multiple (LCM)  the number that is a multiple of each of the two numbers being compared and is lower than all other multiples 
educational supports that calculators provide  support counting (skip counting), promote basic fact memorization, aid learning of place value, assist in computation, show reasonableness of answers 
Two requirements of a function (in a function machine)  1. Consistency (every time the same input is plugged in, the same output is received), 2. one output (each input will produce only one possible output) 
pattern recognition skills  finding, describing, explaining and predicting 
chevron  a V 
undecagon  11 sided polygon 
dodecogon  12 sided polygon 
tetrahedron  a 4 faced polyhedron 
octahedron  an 8 face polyhedron 
dodecahedron  a 12 faced polyhedron 
icosahedron  an 18 faced polyhedron 
translation  when a shape moves by sliding to another area of the plane 
geometrical net  when a 3D shape is broken down to a 2D diagram 
hectometer  100 meters 
dekameter  10 meters 
complimentary angle  when two angles are measured and the sum of their degrees is equal to 90 
supplementary angles  2 angles whose sum is 180 
Created by:
allie424