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MCAT DNA Replication


mRNA synthesizes protein
rRNA structural component of ribosomes
tRNA carries the an amino acid from the cytoplasm to the ribosomes for incorperation to a growing protein
proof-reading is called 3'-5' exonuclease activity
toposiomerases fixes suppercoiling
RNA pol I makes rRNA
proteins are made... in the cytoplasm
RNA pol II makes mRNA
three differences bw DNA and RNA DNA uses deoxyribose instead of ribose; DNA uses thymine instead of uracil; DNA is double stranded while RNA is usually single
RNA pol III makes tRNA
transformation the genetic alteration of a cell resulting from the uptake, genomic incorporation, and expression of foreign genetic material inheritable genetic combo
conjunction the transfer of genetic material between bacteria through direct cell-to-cell contact. Donor male (+); recipient female (-). They have sex pili
transduction is the process by which DNA is transferred from one bacterium to another by a virus.
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