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UGI &LGI

exam ?

QuestionAnswer
which position best demonstrates the hepatic flexure RAO and LPO
opening between stomach and esophagus esophogastric junction
sthenic RT Lat L1 level anterior mid cornel plane lower rib margin
opening leaving the stomach pyloric orifice pylorus
the duodenal bulb is at what level on a sthenic body habitus level L2 (L1-L2)
LAO/RPO demonstrates which flexure left colic flexure splenic
different procedures demonstrate esophageal reflux breathing exercises water test compression paddle toe touch maneuver
which position best demonstrates the hepatic flexure RAO and LPO
sthenic RT Lat L1 level anterior mid cornel plane lower rib margin
opening leaving the stomach pyloric orifice pylorus
the duodenal bulb is at what level on a sthenic body habitus level L2 (L1-L2)
LAO left colic flexure splenic RPO demonstrates which flexure
different procedures demonstrate esophageal reflux breathing exercises water test compression paddle toe touch maneuver
Air in the fundus with the duodenal bulb and c loop in profile indicate what RAO
large intestine has this that the small intestine doesn't in a radiograph haustra
if you use an insufficient tech what happens to the radiograph QM
what do you tell a pt after the exam to do drink lots of water because the contrast used can cause an obstruction it is not absorbed
injection of a nutrient or medicine liquid into a bowel enteroclysis
take how many hrs for barium to reach rectum 24hr
single contrast KV 100-125
double contrast small bowl procedure enteroclysis
which segment is a common site for ulcers first superior segment of the duodenum or bulb or cap
at the level of T11-T12 to the right of the midline what is the part on a hyperstenic person is there duodenal bulb
prep for BE cleaning of entire bowl
LPO recumbent which parts are full of barium and which parts have air fundus and body are full with barium and duodenal bulb is full of air
LPO air in the pyloric asthenic 2 in below L1 30 degree oblique
when is the best time to see the rugae empty stomach
superimposition of the pylorus and duodenal bulb what modifications need made angle CR 20-25 degrees to open body and pylorus cephalic
gastric fold is called rugae
location of fundus superior and most posterior
at what level does the esophagus pass through the diaphragm T10
if you have acute appendicitis can you use a CT yes
barium gravitates to the ? when in a supine position (AP) fundus - lowest portion of the stomach -most posterior
clinical indication for the use of water soluble contrast sensitivity to iodine
hyperstenic the stomach is located where high and transverse T11-T12
fixed sensory ligament ligament of treitz
what can lead to esophagitis GERD or esophageal reflux
which exam best demonstrates divertculosis double contrast BE
Large intestine pt supine where is the air sigmoid and transverse
small bowl 1 2 hr 2 in above crest so at 1 hr where is the CR
makes up most of small intestine ileum
RAO center asthenic air in fundus 2in below L1 40 degree oblique lower rib margin
RAO UGI bulb on a hyperstenic pt is not well visualized and not in profile more rotation 70 degrees
apple core napkin ring lesions carcinoma
act of chewing mastication
cant get enema tip in what do you do call radiologist
accessory organs of digestion salivary pancreas liver gallbladder
in digital radiography are overheads usually taken nope
barium gravitates to which part of the stomach when in the prone position( PA) body and pylorus
RAO stenic air in fundus level L1 45-55 degree oblique lower rib margin
On an UGI RAO on a asthenic pt if the bulb and c loop are not in profile then what is happening over rotation
tip angled how toward the umbilicus
location of flouro tube under table
in an erect position where does barium fall and what is distinctive about it pyloric portion of the stomach
largest in diameter duodenum
subdivisions of stomach fundas body or corpus pyloric portion
RT Lat asthenic 2 in below L1 lower rib margin
what demonstrates the gastric ulcers the best and what will it look like if the pt has them double contrast; lucent halo sign upper GI
what's the risk of using water soluble contrast on old people and children dehydration
rugae is also known as the mucosal folds
UGI 11x14 to include stomach and bulb where is the centering mid L3-L4 region 1 1
in a live person small intestine how many feet 15-18ft
where does the fourth ascending portion of the duodenum meet jejunum and the duodenojejenal flexure
smooth ileum
hypostenics stomach is where in the body level of T11-L4 or 5
diverticula's numerous blind out pouching mucous wall
twisting telescoping and stove pipe of intestines volvulus
on a hypostenic patient the bulb is at what level L3-L4
shortest duodenum
a fistula in the rectum to the urinary bladder is best seen in the ? position cross table lateral
pt poss. laceration in ER UGI what contrast do you use water soluble oral
on a hypostenic and astenic the stomach L3-L4 is lower and more vertical J shaped
lucent halo indicates ulcer
terminal ileum to the large intestine is in what quadrant RLQ
barium sulfate classifications positive radiopaque not absorbed by the body thin 1-1 thick is 3-1 suspension never dissolves cant use if there may be perforation
difficulty swallowing dysphasia
stenic pt stomach is where in the body level of T10-T12
RAO between the heart and the vertebra what part will you see and what other position demonstrates this part esophagus and an LPO
most effective to reduce dose distance
PA air in fundus sthenic level L1 in to left vert column lower rib margin
RAO hyperstenic air in fundus 2 in above L1 70 degree oblique lower rib margin
large intestine largest diameter cecum
cardiospasm stricture or narrowing of the esophagus
hyperstenic RT Lat 2 in above L1 lower rib margin
at what levels does the esophagus extend to C5-6 - T11
if the duodenal bulb in profile what position is it RAO or LPO
duodenal bulb or cap is in what portion the 1st segment of the duodenum beginning of the pylorus
esophagus is superimposed over vert column what's wrong under rotation of body into RAO so increase rotation for correction
bacteria make which vitamins in what part of the intestine then absorb them for usage large intestine B and K proteins into amino acids
stricture or narrowing of the esophagus peristalsis is reduced 2 3 of esophagus
where is the romance of the abdomen located head of pancreas in c loop of the duodenum
irregular or ulcerative appearance of mucus -longitudinal streaking - caused by gastric juices into esophagus esophageal reflux - GERD
in a prone position where is the air ascending descending rectum
ulcerative colitis cobblestone appearance along mucosa stovepipe haustra absent
valsalva maneuver deep breath and bear down
gastric diverticulum's on the posterior aspect of the fundus what view should be used lateral
LPO sthenic air in pyloric level L1 45 degree oblique left lat margin
which sphincter allows chime and gastric juices out pyloric sphincter
why are PA preferred over AP allows abdominal compression to separate various loops of the bowl and create better visibility
3 cardinal rules time distance and shielding
tips for latex sensitive pt latex free
air rises so if the air is in the hepatic flexure which side are they on left lat decub
UGI prep NPO 8 hrs before exam
double contrast KV 80-90
feather appearance jejunum
mass of undigested material in stomach bezoars
another term for an axial AP butterfly
reduce exposure bucky slot cover
dead person is stretch out how many feet is it 23
gastrographine, gastroview classifications calcium carbonate crystals room air co(2) calcium or mag citrite use if perforation or pt sensitive to iodine water soluble -passes through Gi faster absorbed by the body negative radiolucent
fundus and body is filled with barium but bulb is filled with air and seen in profile on an UGI what position is this LPO recumbent
responsibility for majority of absorption of water and vitamins small intestine
which sphincter allows the food and fluid in cardiac sphincter
upper gI reveals stomach mucosa is not well visualized used 80KV 30mAs and 300ml barium sulfate high screen bucky 40sid what is wrong kV too low 100-125 single contrast and 80-100 for double contrast
enteroclysis indicated in pt with histories bowel ileus regional enteritis malabsorption syndrome
PA air in fundus athenic 2 in below L1 lower rib margin
when is a small bowl series complete when the contrast meets the ilioceccal valve
narrowing of esophagus worm like appearance or cobblestone enlarged veins esophageal varices
part of the intestine that is most fixed duodenum flexure
what 2 are retroperitoneal structures c loop and duodenum and pancreas
structure of salivary glands parotid sublingual submandibular
LPO hypersthenic air in pyloric 2 in above lower rib margin L1 60 degree oblique
cobble stone or string sign regional enteritis or crohns disease
invagination of one part of an intestine to another intussusceptions children
inflammation of the lining of the stomach gastritis
large intestine is how many feet 5ft
stomach duodenum retrogastric space RT Lat
possible hiatal hernia stomach AP
location of the greater curvature lateral side of the stomach
insert tip in what position Sims
ribs coming out on both sides shows which projection AP
longest segment of the duodenum 2nd portion descending
act of swallowing deglutition
image with air and fluid is all level decubitus
an infant with possible intussusceptions what kind of exam would you use single contrast or gas
location lesser curvature medial of the body of the stomach
another name for the illioccecal valve terminal portion
stomach is at what level in a hyperstenic pt T9-T12 high and transverse
upper most superior part of large intestine left colic spenic flexure
if all the barium is shifted to the right RPO or LAO
greatest potential for movement transverse
when both negative and positive contrast are used it is called enteroclysis
which segment does the head of the pancreas attach to with common bilary ducts and pancreatic ducts 2nd segment of the duodenum
the hapatic flexure is on what side is it higher or lower than the lt colic flexure right and lower
prep for esophagram no prep
Created by: dirtypillows on 2009-04-15



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