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Praxis II PLT - SL

Students as Learners - development & learning process

Bandera, Albert Theroy: Social Learning Theory
Bruner, Jerome Theories: Discovery Learning & Constructivism
Dewey, John Theory: Learning through Experience
Erikson, Erik Theory - 8 stages of human development
Gilligan, carol Theory: stages of the Ethic of care
Kohlberg, Lawrence Theory of Moral development:
Maslow, Abraham Theory: Hierarchy of needs
Montessori, Maria Theory: Follow the Child
Piaget, Jean Stages of Cognitive Development -
Skinner, b.F Operant conditioning - changes in behavior is response to stimuli. when rewarded, response increases
Vygotsky,Lev Zone of Proximal Development & Social Development theory of learning. & Scaffolding.
Zone of Proximal Development Find where student is at currently, and adult or peer teaches something they couldn't learn by themselves.
Social development theory social interaction influences cognitive development
Constructivism People construct their own understanding of the world they live in through reflection on experiences
Discovery learning methods that enable students to discover information by themselves or in groups
Extrinsic Motivation Motivation that comes from outside a person, stickers, charts, rewards
Intrinsic Motivation Motivation that comes from within: Ex; helping students see what they've learned, giving time to reflect.
learned helplessness passive learner dependent on others
metacognition thinking about your own thinking. Ex. Explaining your thought process used to solve a problem
readiness to learn basic needs are met, and the student is cognitively ready for development appropriate instruction
Scaffolding Instructional support provided to student by teacher or more capable peer. As student learns, support is withdrawn.
Schema a concept in the mind about events, scenarios, actions, objects that have been acquired from past experiences. Used to associate new information with old so learning can occur.
transfer apply a lesson learned to new situation.
Created by: judyconrad on 2009-03-06

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