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NPCC-Lower Limb

lower limb question

QuestionAnswer
Number of bones in the foot 26
The location of the tuberosity that is a common fracture site of the foot base of the fifth metatarsal
Name the joints of the metatarsals metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP), tarsometatarsal joint (TMT)
Where are the sesamoid bones located on in the foot? plantar surface at the head of the first metatarsal
Name the 7 metatarsals with their alternate names Talus (astragulus), Calcaneus (Os Calcis), Cuboid, Navicular (Scaphoid), lateral, medial and intermediate cuneiforms (1,2,3)
The most posterior-inferior part of the calcaneus tuberosity
Rounded processes on the calcaneus lateral and medial processes
A ridge of bone on the superior portion of the calcaneus (visualized laterally on an axial projection) peroneal trochlea or trochlear process
Large prominent bony process on the medial aspect of the calcaneus sustentaculum tali
Which two bones does the calcaneus articulate? cuboid and talus
The calcaneus articulates with the talus superiorly to form what joint? subtalar joint or talocalcaneal
The 3 articular facets at the talus joint posterior, anterior and middle articular facets
The opening in the middle of the subtalar joint sinus tarsi or tarsal sinus
The four bones that articulates with the talus tibia, fibula, calcaneus and navicular
Which cuneiform is the smallest? the largest? smallest-intermediate; largest-medial
The 4 bones that the medial cuneiform articulate navicular, first and second metatarsal, intermediate cuneiform
The 4 bones the the intermediate cuneiform articulate with navicular, medial and lateral cuneiforms and second metatarsal
The 6 bones that the lateral cuneiform articulate navicular, second, third, fourth metatarsals, intermediate cuneiform, cuboid
The 4 bones that the cuboid articulate calcaneus, lateral cuneiform, fourth and fifth metatarsal
Name the two arches of the foot longitudinal and transverse
The 3 bones of the ankle joint tibia, fibula and talus
The expanded distal end of the fibula extending down the lateral side of the talus lateral malleolus
The medial elongated process of the distal tibia and extending alongside the medial talus medial malleolus
the deep, three-sided socket formed by the tibia, fibula and talus mortise
The expanded process at the distal anterior and lateral tibia anterior tubercle
Distal tibial joint surface forming the roof of the ankle mortise joint tibial plafond
joint-type of the ankle synovial; ginglymus-hinge
Joint movements of the ankle flexion and extension (dorsiflexion and plantar flexion)
The weight-bearing bone of the lower leg tibia
3 parts of the tibia body (shaft), distal extremity, proximal extremity
Two large processes making up the medial and lateral aspects of the proximal tibia medial and lateral condyles
The two, small pointed processes on the superior surface of the tibia intercondylar eminence
The names of the two pointy processes at the intercondylar eminence lateral and medial tubercles
The two smooth, concave articular facets on the upper articular surface of the tibia tibial plateau
What does the tibial plateau articulate with? femur
Rough-textured prominence located on the midanterior surface of the proximal tibia tibial tuberosity
Sharp ridge along the anterior surface of the tibia anterior crest or border (shin)
Short pyramid process on the distal end of the tibia medial malleolus
The lateral aspect of the tibia forms a flattened, triangular shaped structure called... fibular notch
What bones does the fibula articulate? the tibia proximally and the tibia and talus distally
The head of the fibula is distal or proximal proximal
The extreme proximal end of the fibula that is pointed is called the... Apex
The 5 parts of the fibula apex, head, neck, body and lateral malleolus
The longest and strongest bone in the entire body femur
The smooth, triangular-shaped, shallow surface at the distal portion of the anterior femur patellar surface (intercondylar sulucus; trochlear groove)
What joints make up the ankle mortise? talofibular, tibiotalar
What joints make up the knee? patellofemoral, femorotibial
The notch between the large, rounded condyles on the distal femur intercondylar fossa
The deep depression between posterior and middle articular facets of the calcaneus calcaneal sulcus
Created by: buttagritz on 2009-03-01



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