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100 Mas

Penta - Retina

QuestionAnswer
pent/a- five
peps/o- digestion; dyspepsia- referring to difficult or painful digestion
per- through; permeate- to go through
peri- around; pericardium- referring to the covering around the heart
perine/o- base or floor; perineal- referring to the floor
periton/e- that which holds the lower viscera; peritoneum- that which holds the lower organs in place
peroneo- pin or concerning the lower outside leg bone; peroneal- refers to the lateral compartment of the leg
pes foot; tailpes- foot and ankle
petech/i- small; petechial- referring to small little spots
petit little illness; petit mal- little illness
petro- rock, stone, hard; petroderma- rock, stone, hard skin
phago- eat, eating, perverse appetite; phagocytosis- cells that eat other cells
phalang/o- close knit row (finger and toes); aphalangia- absence of fingers or toes
pharmac/o- drug relationship, to drug, medicine; pharmacologist- study of drugs
pharyng/o- throat; pharyngitis- inflammation of the throat
phas/o- speech or speaking; dysphasia- difficulty in speaking
-phase stage; metaphase- stage or appearance of change
-pheresis withdrawal or to separate; hematopheresis- to separate blood
-phile love of, to love, love for; necrophile- someone in love with dead bodies
phim/o- to muzzle or muzzling; phimosis- a condition or muzzling
phleb/o- vein; phlebitis- inflammation of vein
phob/o- fear; hydrophobia- fear of water
phoc/o- seal; phocomelia- refers to seal limbs like flippers
phon/o- voice or sound; dysphonia- referring to difficulty in making sound
phor/o- feeling (mental); euphoria- good feeling
-phoresis migration, transport, move or carry; aphoresis-apparatus for taking blood
phot/o- light; photophobia- fear of light (or fear of the pain caused by light)
phrag/o- wall or partition; diaphragm-a wall across body separating
phraso- speech or talk; aphrasia- not being able to speak
-phraxia stoppage or obstruction; hemophraxia- referring to an obstruction in blood flow
phren/o- mind or diaphragm; phernia- pertains to the mind
-phylaxis protection or guard; prophylaxis- before protection or guard
physi/o- function of or nature; physiology- how the body functions
-physis growth or nature of; symphysis- growing together
phyto- plant; phytotoxin- plant poison
pia- gentle; pia mater- gentle mother
pil/o- hair; piloma- swelling of the hair follicle
pinn/a- feather or feather like; pinnaform- feather like shape
pituit/o- phlegm or glue like mucus; pituitary- mucoid fluid discharges when gland is pinched during diasection
pitryr/i- bran (cereal like scales on skin); pityriasis- bran (cereal like scales on the skin)
placent/a- cake; placentitis- afterbirth or structure attached to uterine wall during pregnancy that provides nutrition (Cake) to the fetus
-plakia plate or plate-like; leukoplakia- white plate cancer lesions on a membrane or the skin
plan/o- flat or a plain; planus- flat footed
plant/o- sole of foot; plantar- referring to the sole of the foot
plas- growth, development, formation; hyperplasia- pertaining to rapid excessive development growth
-plegia paralysis; quadriplegia- paralysis of all four limbs
pleur/o- side or rib; pleuritis- inflammation of side or rib
-plexy paralysis; neuroplexy- nerve paralysis
-pnea breathe or breathing; apnea- not breathing
pneum/o- lung, air, respiration; pneumothorax- abnormal accumulation of air in the lungs resulting in a collapsed lung
-poiesis to make, form, produce; hematopoeisis- to make red blood cells
poikil/o- irregular or varied shape; poikiliocytic- irregular or varied shape of a cell
poli/o- gray; poliomyelitis- inflammation of the gray spinal cord
pollex- thumb; pollexectomy- removal of the thumb
poly- many; polydipsia- being thirsty
pons bridge
por/o- cavity or passage (porous); osteoporosis- condition of bone passage
post- after or behind; postpartum- referring to the afterbirth process
-pox pits; small pox
prand/i- meal or breakfast; prandial- pertains to a meal
-prax/ia movement or action; myopraxis- muscle movement
pre- before; prenatal- before birth
prepuce foreskin or hood
presbyo- old; presbyopia- refers to weak eyes of elderly vision
prim/i- first; primary
pro- before; prognosis- prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disease
proct/o- rectum or anus; proctologist- study of the rectum
prone- to bend forward; pronation- lay face down
propri/o- property (nerve stimuli or information); proprioceptor- a receptor located in tissue that responds stimuli produced with the body
prostat/o- one who lies before; prostatectomy- to cut out the prostate gland that lie in front of the urinary bladder
proto- first; protozoon- single cell animal (first animals)
proxim/o- close or closest; proximal- referring to what is closest
prur/i- itch or itching; pruritis- inflammation that causes itching
pseud/o- false; pseudomembranous- state of false like skin
psoas loin (lumbar); psoas- these are the muscles above the flank and beside the lumbar region
psor/i- to itch; psoriasis- condition of itchy skin
psych/o- mind; psychology- studying the mind
pteryg/o- winged; pterygoid- resembling wings; archeopetryx
-ptosis to drop, fall, displace; splanchnoptosis- prolapse of the kidney
-ptysis spitting or spit; hemoptysis- the expectoration of blood or bloody spit
pub/o- private parts; pubic- referring to private parts
pulmon/o- lung; pulmonary-pertaining to lungs
pulp/o- solid flesh; pulpitis- inflammation of the pulp of a tooth
pupill/o- pupil; pupill = pupil (I have faith I can remember this one)
purpur/o- purple; purpuric- referring to small purple hemorrhages that appear on the skin
pyel/o- pelvis or kidney; pyelonephritis- inflammation of the kidney
pykno- thick, dense, compact; pyknemia- refers to the thickening of the blood, that often causes heart attacks and strokes
pyl/o- gatekeeper; pyloric- opening between the stomach and the duodenum
pyo- pus; pyogenic- producing or generating pus
pyret/o- fever; pyretic- referring to something that causes a fever
quadr/i- four
quint/i- five
radi/o ray, spoke, X-ray, radio activity; radiation
radic/o- nerve root or spinal nerve; radiculitis- inflammation of nerve root
ray- spoke or wave length
re- again; respiration- process of continuing to breath
rect/o- rectum or straight; rectoclysis- washing out the rectum (so like an enema)
ren/o- kidney; renal- pertaining to the kidney
reticul/o- network; reticulation-a reticulated formation, arrangement, or appearance; network
retina net or net like; retinitis- inflammation of blood vessels that are on the eyes, so basically the net like things you see when your eyes are itchy
Created by: KC Croy KC Croy on 2009-02-10



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