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ribs & sterum

QuestionAnswer
what are the structures that make up the bony thorax sternum anteriorly,thoracic vertebrta posteriorly and 12 pairs of ribs
what are the 3 divisions of the sternum manubrium,body,xiphoid tip
what is the other names of the manubrium suprasternal notch,jugular notch,manubrial notch
what is the other name of the body of the sternum corpus,gladiolus
what is the upper most border of the sternum called manubrial notch,suprasternal notch
what level is the upper most border of the manubrium at the level of t2-t3
the lower end of the manubrium is the sternal angle
what level is the lower end of the manubrium/sternal angle is t4-t5
the xiphoid tip is located at the level of t9-t10
the inferior costal (rib)margin corresponds to the level of L2-L3
what is the joint where each clavicle articulates with the manubrium sternoclavicular joint
what is the only connection between each shoulder girdle and the bony thorax SC joint(sternoclavicular joint)
what are the anterior ribs attach to the sternum by costocartilage
the clavicles and the cartilages of the first 7 pairs of ribs are connect how directly to the sternum
the costcartilage for the first rib attaches to the ------ manubrium
the costcartilage for the second rib attaches at the--- sternal angle
the 3rd-7th costcartilage attaches to------- the body of the sternum
8,9,and 10th also have costcartilage but attaches to ---- the costcartilage of the 7th rib
what are the first 7 pairs of ribs called true ribs
why are the first 7 pairs of ribs called true ribs b/c the ribs are directly attach to the sternum by its own costocartilage
what are the 8 through 12 ribs called false ribs
why are the 8th-12th ribs called false ribs b/c they attach to the sternum indirectly
what are the 11 and 12 ribs called floating ribs
why are the 11 and 12 ribs called floating ribs b/c they do not possess costocartilage or connect anteriorly
each rib has two ends called what posterior or vertebral end or anterior or sternal end
what is between the two ends called the shaft or body of the rib
the vertebral end has a head and a flat neck
lateral to the neck is a tubercle
the body extends------from the tubercle laterally
the posterior or vertebral end of the rib is how much higher than the anterior or sternal end 3 to 5 inches higher
inside the margin of each of each rib protects -------- artery,nerve and vein.
the inside margin is called the costal groove
where is the bony thorax the widest at the 8th or 9th ribs
what forms the costovertebral joint head of the rib and the body of the thoracic vertebrae
costotransverse joint is formed by the tubercle of the rib and the transverse process of the thoracic vertebrae
do the 11 and 12 ribs have costotransverse articulation do not have a costotransverse articulation
where is the costchondral union or junction located at b/w the costocartilage and anterior or sternal end of the rib
what is the classification of the costochondral union or joint unique classification
what is the movement of the costochondral union or junction synarthrodial
where is the sternocostal joint of the 1st rib located at b/w the sternum and costocartilage
what is the sternocostal joint of the 1st rib is classified as,and what mobility (b/w the rib & sternum) cartilaginous-no movement synarthrodial
sternocostal joint of 2nd and thru 7th rib has what classification and mobility & movement(b/w the 2nd-7th ribs & sternum) synovial joints,gliding motion,diarthodial
interchondral joint b/w 6th thru 10th ribs are classified as synovial joints,gliding motion & diarthodial
the thoracic spine & sternum are superimposed in what position AP & PA position
the vertebral is much more-----than the sternum.so the body must be --------to visualize the sternum away from the vertebra & placed in the heart shadow for a more uniform density. dense, rotated
what can be done in place of a RAO,if the pt can't do that position LPO
why is a breathing technique used on a RAO sternum to blur out lung markings over the sternum.this requires low kV65 low mA a long exposure3-4secs
if a patient can't stand what can you do (sternum) cross table lateral
Created by: ambey on 2009-01-05



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