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Chapter 6 Vocabulary

This is vocabulary from Chapter 6 of Colloquial Hungarian

ad gives
aprópénz change
boldog happy
elég enough
először first
ember person, man
érkezés arrival
forint Hungarian money
hogy that
hova where to?
jön comes
Magyarország Hungary
még mindig still
megy goes
merre? where?
mindig still
mutat shows
nekem to me
örül is glad, happy
ötvenes fifty-forint coin
persze of course
rettenetesen terribly, awfully
szerinted in your opinion
taxival by taxi
telefonál calls, telephones
telefonkártya phone card
tetszik is pleasing to
utazás trip
van nálam I have with me / I have on me
vesz to buy
-nak / -nek Dative endings which mean "to" and "for" that is meant to replace those English prepositions
-nak This ending attaches to back vowel words
-nek This endings attaches to front vowel words
Note about how words that end in -a or -e The -a and -e endings have to be lengthened to -á and -é
Zsuzsa --> (with -nak / -nek ending)? Zsuzsának (for Susan)
Imre --> (with -nak / -nek ending)? Imrének (for Imre)
a család --> (with -nak / -nek ending)? a családnak (for the family)
ki? --> (with -nak / -nek ending)? kinek? (for who?)
az amerikai --> (with -nak / -nek ending)? az amerikainak (for the American)
a gyerekek --> (with -nak / -nek ending)? a gyerekeknek (for the children)
Personal Pronouns in Hungarian nekem, nekünk, neked, nektek, neki, nekik
nekem to / for me
nekünk to / for us
neked to / for you
nektek to / for you all
neki to / for him, her
nekik to / for them
Dative Cases of Formal Pronouns (maga, maguk, ön, önök) magának, maguknak, önnek, onöknek
Note About Demonstrative Pronouns Case (ez / ezek, az / azok) They have to agree with number and gender of the noun
ez:ennek --> (dative form) ennek az embernek (to / for this person)
ezek:ezeknek --> (dative form) ezeknek az embereknek (to / for these people)
az:annak --> (dative form) annak a családnak (to / for that family)
azok:annak --> (dative form) azoknak a családoknak (to / for those families)
Two Uses Of The Dative Cases 1. Indirect Object: This is when you wish to indicate that an action is being done 'to' or 'for' someone. The person will be then marked with the dative case. 2. For the use of Hungarian verbs that don't correspond to the English indirect object.
Olvasunk Tamásnak. We are reading to Tamas.
Adok neki egy csészét. I will give him one cup.
írsz anyának? Are you writing to Mom?
Kinek telefonálsz? Who are you calling?
Nagyon örülök az utazásnak I am very happy about the trip.
örülök neked. I'm glad for you.
Nekem nagyon tetszik Budapest!: I really like Budapest!
Gabinak tetszik az az ember. Gabi likes that man.
Tetsik neked a film? Did you like the film?
Ezek a bőröndnak. For this suitcase.
Ezekek a csomagoknak. For these packages.
Azoknak a turistaknak. For those tourists.
Mindenkinek. For everyone.
Telefonálom Lillanak. I am calling Lila.
én nagyon boldog vagyok az utazásak.. I am very happy for the trip.
írni a gyerekeknek? Are you writing to the children?
Ez nehézek nekem. This is hard for me.
Ez nagyon nehézek nekinek. This is very hard for him.
Irregular Conjugation for menni ("goes"): én, te, ő, mi, ti, ők megyek, mész, megy, megyünk, mentek, mennek
Irregular Conjugation for jönni ("comes"): én, te, ő, mi, ti, ők jövök, jössz, jön, jövünk, jöttök, jönnek
Mikor jön Tamás? When is Tamás coming?
Mikor jössz? When are you coming?
Melyik út mész? Which way are you going?
Hól mennek a szülők? Where are the parents going?
Mikor jön Lilla a repterre? When is Lilla coming to the airport?
Mi megyünk? Are we going?
Itt jönnek az Amerikai turisták. Here comes the American tourists.
Mikor jössz Budapestre? When are you coming to Budapest?
Hol megy a repülő? Where is the plane going?
Jövök! I'm coming!
fillér smaller Hungarian currency
Conversion of fillér to forint 1 forint = 100 fillér
pénzérme coins of forints
aprópénz change
váltópénz change
Two Ways To Express Coins And Banknotes 1. Add -forintos after the numeric value of the money. 2. Use simplified phrases for money.
egy forintos one-forint coin
öt forintos five-forint coin
ötös 5
tizes 10
húszas 20
ötvenes 50
százas 100
kétszázas 200
ötszázas 500
ezres 1000
ötezres 5000
tízezres 10,000
kettes villamos tram number 2
tizenötös busz bus number 15
hetvenötös troli trolley number 75
egy --> (noun form) egyes
kettő --> (noun form) kettes
három --> (noun form) harmas
négy --> (noun form) négyes
öt --> (noun form) ötös
hat --> (noun form) hatos
hét --> (noun form) hetes
nyolc --> (noun form) nyolcas
kilenc --> (noun form) kilences
tíz --> (noun form) tizes
húsz --> (noun form) húszas
harminc --> (noun form) harmincas
negyven --> (noun form) negyvenes
ötven --> (noun form) ötvenes
hatvan --> (noun form) hatvanas
hetven --> (noun form) hetvenes
nyolcvan --> (noun form) nyolcvanas
kilencven --> (noun form) kilencvenes
szás --> (noun form) szásas
ezer --> (noun form) ezres
elvámolnivaló items to declare
Van valami elvámolnivalója? Do you have items to declare?
értékes valuable
kijárat exit
számitógép computer
turista tourist
valami something, some, any
vám customs
vámhivatalnok customs official
videókamera video camera
Note About Possession In Hungarian Nouns You use possessive endings to indicate possession in Hungarian.
Note about adding possessive endings to words that end in a vowel The ending vowel must be lengthened to á, or é, before adding the possessive ending
Possessive Endings For Words That End In A Vowel (én, te, ő, mi, ti, ők) -m, -d, -ja/-je, -nk, -tok/-tek/-tök, -juk/-jük
Possessive Endings For Words That End In A Consonant (én, te, ő, mi, ti, ők) -om/-em/-öm, -od/-ed/-öd, -(j)a/-(j)e, -unk/-ünk, -otok/-etek/-ötök, -(j)uk/-(j)ük
Note about the option (j) in the initial -j in the possessive endings for a word that ends in c, cs, gy, j, ly, ny, s, sz, ty, z, zs NEVER use the initial -j possessive ending
a poggyásza his/her luggage
a pénze his/her money
a lánya his/her daughter
a poggyászuk their luggage
a poggyászuk their luggage
a pénzük their money
a lányuk their daughter
a bajuk their problem
a barátja his/her friend
a csomagja his/her luggage
a családja his/her family
a barátjuk their friend
a csomagjuk their luggage
a családjuk their family
Note about adding the initial -j possessive endings for words that end in a vowel These words ALWAYS require the initial -j ending
Note about having to stress if an item is yours or his Use a pronoun BEFORE the possessed item to indicate emphasis
Exception of stressing possession for "their" endings Use ő NOT ők
Ez az én fénképezőgépem. This is my camera.
Hol van a te fénképezőgéped? Where is your camera?
Az az ő pénze. That is his money.
Az az ő pénzük. That is their money.
Note about contrasting possession for multiple objects Use personal pronouns before the possessed items to indicate emphasis
A ti családotok nagy, a mi családunk pedig kicsi. Your family is big, my family however is small.
A videókameránk. Our video camera.
A pénzeje. His money.
Te barátod. Your friend.
Ti problémátok. Your (you all) problem.
A lányuk. Their daughter
A autóm. My car.
A családja. His family.
A gyerekunk. Our child.
// Continue with Te utazásod in 05 Language Points (Possession) in 06 Tetszik neked Budapest
a pénzük their money
a lányuk their daughter
a bajuk their problem
Note about back vowel words that contain b, d, g, p, t, k It is likely that you have to add the initial -j ending
a barátja his friend
a csomagja his/her luggage
a családja his/her family
a barátjuk their friend
a csomagjuk their luggage
a családjuk their family
Note About Possessive Endings For Nouns That End In A Vowel They ALWAYS require the initial -j ending
Note About If You Want To Emphasize Possession Of Something Add another pronoun BEFORE the possessed item.
Exception For Possessive Ending For "Their" Ending Use ő NOT ők for the possessive ending.
Ez az én fénképezőgépem. This is my camera.
Hol van a te fénképezőgéped? Where is your camera?
Az az ő pénze. That is his money.
Az az ő pénzük. That is their money.
Note About Contrasting Multiple Possessed Objects You should still use pronouns before each possessed item to stress emphasis on ownership
A videókameránk. Our camera.
A pénzeje. His money.
Te barátod. Your friend.
Ti problémátok. Your (you all) problem.
A lányuk. Their daughter.
A autóm. My car.
A családja Her family.
A gyerekunk. Our child.
Te utazásod Your trip.
Ti telefonkártyatok. Your (you all) phone card.
Note About Adding The Accusative And Possessive Endings Add the accusative ending after the possessive endings
Note About Linking Vowels With Possessive And Accusative Endings Use a linking vowel after a possessive ending and before an accusative ending (a, e)
Exception To Linking Vowel With Possessive And Accusative Endings Third person endings already end in a vowel so don't add another one
Note Of Linking Vowel Choice Use -a for back vowel words, and -e for front vowel words
Note Of Using the Third Person Singular Possessive Ending Lengthen -a to -á, and lengthen -e to -é
Kerem a csomagomat. I would like my luggage.
Kerem a csomagodat. I would like your luggage.
Kerem a csomagjat. I would like his luggage.
Kerem a csomagunkat. I would like our luggage.
Kerem a csomagotokat. I would like your (you all) luggage.
Kerem a csomagjukat. I would like their luggage.
Mutatja a képemet. She is showing my picture.
Mutatja a képedet. She is showing your picture.
Mutatja a képét. She is showing his picture.
Mutatja a képünket. She is showing our picture.
Mutatja a képeteket. She is showing your (you all) picture.
Mutatja a képüket. She is showing their picture.
Note About Adding Other Cases Like The Dative Case ("for" case) You don't need to add a linking vowel, and only need to lengthen the one that is present.
a nővéremnek To my sister
a nővérednek To your sister.
a nővérének To his sister
a nővérünknek To our sister.
a nővéreteknek To your (you all) sister.
a nővérüknek To their sister.
Nem látom a képünket. I don't see our picture.
Mutatok egy képet a londoni barátotoknak. You all show a picture of your London friends
Kerem a csomagomat. I am asking for your luggage.
Nézem a vámhivatalnokunkat. I am looking at our customs official.
hol? Asks where something is
hova? Asks where something is going
merre? Where / in what direction?
Hol tudok telefonkártyát venni? Where can I buy a phone card?
Hova sietsz? Where are you hurrying to?
Merre van a taxiállomás? Where is the taxi stand?
Merre van Magyarország? Where is Hungary?
Mikor érkezik a gép? When does the plane arrive?
Kik ők? Who are they?
Ki ez a turista? Who is this tourist?
és hol van az ő barátja? And where is his friend?
én amerikai vagyok, ő pedig japán. I am American, he however is Japanese.
Hol van a repülőjegy? Where is your plane ticket?
Hol van az apropénzéje? Where is his change?
A szomszédjuk most jön. Our neighbor is coming now.
Hol van a te apad? Where is your father?
Mikor jön a unokatestvéred? When is your cousin coming?
Ez a szomszédunk. This is our neighbor.
apa father
anya mother
szülő parent
gyerek child
testvér sibling
édes sweet
édesapa sweet father
édesanya sweet mother
báty older brother
öcs younger brother
nővér older sister
húg younger sister
nagyszülők grandparents
nagypapa grandfather
nagyapa grandfather
nagymama grandmother
nagyanya grandmother
unoka grandchild
unokatestvér cousin
rokonok relatives
após father-in-law
anyós mother-in-law
sógor brother-in-law
sógornő sister-in-law
meny daughter-in-law
nagynéni aunt
nagybácsi uncle
bácsi older male
néni older woman
Sam bácsi Mr. Sam
Férfi WC men's bathroom
Férfiak men
Urak gentleman
Női WC women's bathroom
Nők women
Hölgyek ladies
Created by: SamB91