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Farsi Grammar

Grammar Terms for Learning Farsi

صامت silent, voiceless
واکه vowel
مصوّت voiced
مصوّت مرکّب dipthong
واژه word
مشدّد doubled
آوا sound
معیّن set, determined, specified
فاعل actor, subject of the sentence
مفعول بی واسطه direct object
مفعول با واسطه indirect object
فعل verb
نقطه period
علامت سؤال question mark
علامت تعجّب exclamation mark
مُسند predicate
فعل ربطی linking verb
سوّم شخص مفرد third person singular
خبری جمله ی خبری indicative (sentence)
پرسشی جمله ی پرسشی interrogative (sentence)
عاطفی ، تعجّبی جمله ی تعجّبی/عاطفی exclamatory (sentence)
اَمری جمله ی امری imperative (sentence)
فعل ساده simple verb
جزء پیشین prefix
بُن/ریشه root
جزء شناسه pronoun
(گذشته (ماضی past (past tense)
(حال (مُضارع now (present tense)
مصدر infinitive
استثنا exception
پسوند suffix
فعل های مرکّب compound verbs
اسم noun
صفت adjective
اسم مصدر verbal noun
پیش وندی prefix
معنی مَجازی figurative meaning
آینده future
فعل کُنشی action verb
صرف فعل verb conjugation
گذشته ی ساده simple past
گذشته ی نقلی حال کامل present perfect, narrative past
گذشته ی دور ماضی بعید past perfect
گذشته ی استمراری past continuous
گذ شته ی التزامی past subjuntive
وجوه فعل verb moods
وجه اخباری indicative mood
وجه امری imperative mood
وجه التزامی subjunctive mood
وجه التزامی indicative present
جمع plural
مفرد singular
زمان حال التزامی present subjunctive
حال استمراری تأ کیدی present continuous
مستقبل future time
فعل امر imperative verb
دوّم شخص مفرد second person singular
دوّم شخص جمع second person plural
فعل های متعدّی transitive verbs
گُذرا و ناگُذر transitive and intransitive
فعل لازم intransitive verb
فعل مجهول passive verb
فعل معلوم active verb
فعل شرطی conditional verb
فراکرد پیرو 'if' clause
فرا کرد پایه 'result' clause
ضمیر مفعولی accusative pronoun
فعل های غیر شخصی impersonal verbs
فعل وصفی parallel verb
فعل سببی causative verb
فعل بی قاعده irregular verb
Created by: GrammarGeek