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Digestive System

Abdomen and Biliary Tract

QuestionAnswer
The largest gland in the body, is an irregularly wedge-shaped gland. It is situated with its base on the right and its apex directed anteriorly and to the left. Liver
At the _______ _______, the liver is divided into a large right lobe and a much smaller left lobe. falciform ligament
Two minor lobes are located on the medial side of the right lobe: the ______ lobe on the posterior surface. caudate lobe
The ________ lobe on the inferior lobe. quadrate lobe
The hilum of the liver, called the _______ _______, is situated transversely between the two minor lobes. porta hepatis
The _____ ____ and the hepatic artery, both of which convey blood to the liver, enter the porta hepatis and branch out through the liver substance. portal vein
The portal vein and the ______ _________, both of which convey blood to the liver, enter hepatic artery
The ______ ____ convey the blood from the liver sinusoids to the inferior vena cava. hepatic veins
The liver has numerous physiologic functions. he primary consideration from the radiographic standpoint is the formation of ____. bile
The gland secretes bile at the rate of ___ to ___ pints (1/2 to 1 1/2 L) each day. one to three
The two main _______ _____ emerge at the porta hepatis and join to form the common hepatic duct, which in turn unites with the cystic duct to form the common bile duct. hepatic ducts
The common bile duct joins the pancreatic duct, and they enter together or side by side into an enlarged chamber known as the ________ ______, or ampulla of Vater. hepatopancreatic ampulla
The distal end of the common bile duct is controlled by the ______ _____ as it enters the duodenum. choledochal sphincter
The hepatopancreatic ampulla is controlled by a circular muscle known as the sphincter of the hepatopancreatic ampulla, or _________ __ ______. sphincter of Oddi
The hepatopancreatic ampulla opens on an elevation on the duodenal mucosa known as the what? major duodenal papilla
The _____ is a thin-walled, more or less pear-shaped, musculomembranous sac with a capacity of approximately 2 oz. gallbladder
The muscular contraction of the gallbladder is activated by a hormone called _________. cholecystokinin
The organ consists of a narrow neck that is continuous with the _______ _____; a body or main portion; and a fundus, which is its broad lower portions. cystic duct
The _______ is an elongated gland situated across the posterior abdominal wall. pancreas
This exocrine portion of the gland produces ______ ____, which acts on proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. pancreatic juice
The endocrine portion of the gland consists of clusters of islet cells, or ______ __ _________, which are randomly distributed throughout the pancreas. islets of Langerhans
These cells produce the hormones _____ and ______, which are responsible for sugar metabolism. insulin and glucagon
The digestive juice secreted by the exocrine cells of the pancreas is conveyed into the _______ ____ and from there into the duodenum. pancreatic duct
The _______ is included in this section only because of its location; it belongs to the lymphatic system. spleen
The spleen is a glandlike but _________ organ that functions to produce lymphocytes and to store lymphocytes and to store and remove dead or dying red blood cells. ductless
chole- relationship with bile
cysto- bag or sac
choledocho- common bile duct
cholangio- bile ducts
cholecyst- gallbladder
Another technique employed for preoperative radiologic examination of the biliary tract. This technique is used for patients with jaundic when the ductal system has been shown to be dilated by CT or sonography but the cause of the obstruction is unclear. Percutaneous Transhepatic Cholangiography (PTC)
Applied to the biliary tract examination that is performed by way of the T-shaped tube left in the common hepatic and common bile ducts for postoperative drainage. Postoperative (T-Tube) Cholangiography
A procedure used to diagnose biliary and pancreatic pathologic conditions. ERCP is a useful diagnostic method when the biliary ducts are not dilated when no obstruction exits at the ampulla. Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
Created by: J. Renee on 2008-10-06



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