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KS G7 Q4 Lang Ch 12

Exam Prep Chapter 12

An alphabetical list of special terms or expressions with definitions, explanations, and examples Define glossary
Identifies usage that is suitable only in most casual speaking situations and in writing that attempts to recreate casual speech Define nonstandard English
Language that is grammatically correct and appropriate in formal and informal situations Standard English
Define formal English identifies usage that is appropriate in serious speaking and writing situations (speeches , school compositions)
Define informal English indicates standard usage in common conversation & every day writing (personal letters)
When do you use a v an Use a before words beginning with a consonant sound. Use an before words beginning with a vowel sound.
When do you use accept v except Accept is a verb that means "to receive." Except may be either a verb or a preposition. As a verb, except means «to leave out" or «to exclude"; as a preposition, except means «other than" or «excluding."
When do you use affect v effect affect is a verb meaning "to influence." Effect used as a verb means "to bring about." Used as a noun, effect means "the result of some action.”
When do you use all ready v already All ready means "completely prepared.” Already means "previously."
When do you use all right Used as an adjective, all right means “unhurt" "satisfactory." Used as an adverb, all right means "well enough.' All right should be written as TWO words.
Do you write alot or a lot ? a lot should be written as TWO words
When do you use bad v badly Bad is an adjective. Badly is an adverb
When do you use between v among Use between when referring to two things at a time, even when they are part of a group containing more than two. Use among when referring to a group rather than to separate individuals
When do you use bring v take Bring means "to come carrying something." Take means "to go carrying something." Think of bring as related to come and of take as related to go.
When do you use bust v busted Never. Avoid using these words as verbs. Use a form of burst or break or catch or arrest.
When do you use could of Do not write of with the helping verb could. Write could have. Also avoid ought to of, should of, would of, might of, and must of
When do you use Doesn’t v don’t doesn’t is the contraction of does not. Don't is the contraction of do not. Use doesn't, not don't, with he, she, it, this, that, and singular nouns.
When do you use fewer v less Fewer is used with plural words. Less is used with singular words. Fewer tells "how many"; less tells "how much."
When do you use good v well Good is an adjective. Do not use good as an adverb. Instead, use well.
When do you use hardly v scarcely The words hardly and scarcely convey negative meanings. They should NOT be used with another negative word to express a single negative idea.
When do you use how come v why In informal situations, how come is often used instead of why. In formal situations, why should be used.
When do you use kind of or sort of they are acceptable in INFORMAL situations, kind of and sort of are often used to mean "somewhat" or "rather." In formal English, somewhat or rather is preferred.
When do you use learn v teach Learn means “to acquire knowledge." Teach means “to instruct" or “to show how."
When do you use leave v let Leave means "to go away" or “to depart from." Let means "to allow" or "to permit."
When do you use like v as In informal situations, the preposition like is often used instead of the conjunction as to introduce a clause. In formal situations, as is preferred. (formal ex: I looked up several words in my dictionary, as [not Iike] our teacher had suggested.)
When do you use like, as if, as though In informal situations, the preposition like is used for compound subordinating conjunctions “as if” or “as though.” In formal situations, as if or as though is preferred. (formal ex: They behaved as if [not like] they hadn't heard him. You looked as tho
When do you use “of” after other prepositions Do NOT use of after other prepositions such as inside (inside of is incorrect), off and outside.
When do you use real v very In informal situations, real is often used as an adverb meaning "very" or "extremely." In formal situations, very or extremely is preferred.
When do you use reason...because v reason…that In informal situations, reason…because is often used. However, in formal situations use reason…that (formal ex: The reason I did well on the test was that I had studied hard.)
When do you use some v somewhat Do not use some for the adverb somewhat. (ex: “My fever has gone down some” is NONstandard. “My fever has gone down somewhat.” is standard.
When do you use than v then Than is a subordinating conjunction; then is a adverb telling when. (ex: “Great Danes are larger than Dobermans are.” I finished my reading. Then I wrote some letters.
When do you use ”try” v “try and” In informal situations, try and is often used instead of try to. In formal situations, try to should be used. (ex: informal: Try and be on time for the party. formal: Try to be on time for the party.)
When do you use “use to,” “used to,” “suppose to,” v “supposed to” Do NOT leave off the “d” when you write used to or supposed to.
When do you use who, which, that The relative pronoun who refers to people only; which refers to things only; that refers to either people or things.
When do you use without v unless Do not use the preposition without in place of the subordinating conjunction unless.(ex: My mother said that I can't go to the game unless [not without] I finish my homework first.)
Created by: ka1usg