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Connie unit 1 review

Random questions for first unit of radiation physics

QuestionAnswer
DATE OF X-RAY DISCOVERY NOV. 8, 1895
WHO DISCOVERED X-RAY? WILHELM CONRAD ROENTGEN
WHAT WAS ROENTGEN'S B-DAY AND BIRTHPLACE? MARCH 27, 1845 PRUSSIA
ROENTGEN STUDIED PHYSICS AT POLYTECHNIC SCHOOL IN ______________? ZURICH
HE BECAME PROFESSOR OF PHYSICS IN WHAT FOUR COUNTRIES? STRASBOURG, GEISSEN, WURZBURG, AND MUNICH
ROENTGEN DISCOVERED XRAY IN HIS PHYSICS LAB AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ____________? WURZBURG
ROENTGEN ACCIDENTLY DISCOVERED XRAYS WHILE EXPERIMENTING WITH ________________? A CROOKES TUBE COVERED W/BLACK PAPER.
WHAT GAVE OFF VISIBLE LIGHT EACH TIME THE TUBE WAS ENERGIZED? BARIUM PLATINOCYANIDE CRYSTALS.
ROENTGEN FIRST NAMED THIS UNKNOWN SOURCE WHAT? "X-STRAHLEN" X- MEANING UNKNOWN QUANTITY AND STRAHLEN MEANING RAY--TERM USED TO IDENTIFY ENERGY.
DURING A SPEECH TO A GROUP OF SCIENTISTS, ROENTGEN PRODUCED AND X-RAY OF WHAT BODY PART AND WHAT WAS THE NAME OF HIS COLLEAGE? HAND, DR. VON KOLLIKER
ROENTGEN PUBLISHED HOW MANY SHORT PAPERS? THREE
WHAT WAS THE TITLE OF ROENTGEN'S FIRST PAPER? "ON A NEW KIND OF RAY"
WHEN AND WHERE DID ROENTGEN DIE AND AT WHAT AGE? FEB-10-, MUNICH, 78 YRS. OLD.
ROENTGEN WAS AWARDED THE NOBEL PRIZE FOR PHYSICS ON HIS DISCOVERY OF X-RAYS DURING WHAT YEAR? 1901
PHYSICS STUDY OF MATTER AND ENERGY E=MC^2
RADIOLOGIC PHYSICS STUDY OF MATTER AND ENERGY AND THEIR RELATIONSHIPS TO IONIZING RADIATION.
RADIATION ENERGY MOVING THROUGH SPACE
ENERGY ABILITY TO DO WORK
WORK IS DONE WHEN____________ A FORCE SUCH AS A PUSH/PULL IS APPLIED TO AN OBJECT TO MOVE.
IF RADIATION IS ENERGY, AND ENERGY CAN DO WORK, THEN RADIATION HAS THE ABILITY TO________ MAKE THINGS WORK AT AN ATOMIC LEVEL
STANDARD UNITS OF MEASUREMENT HAVE TWO CATEGORIES____________ AND ___________ FUNDAMENTAL UNITSDERIVED UNITS
FUNDAMENTAL UNITS (BASIC) ARE USED TO MEASURE THREE DIFFERENT THINGS: LENGTH, MASS, AND TIME.
LENGTH: DISTANCE BETWEEN TWO POINTS
MASS: AMOUNT OF SUBSTANCE (ATOMS) CONTAINED IN AN OBJECT
TIME: THE LENTH OF DURATION OF AN EVENT
DERIVED UNITS ARE UNITS OF MEASUREMENTS WHICH ARE ___________ OF THE FUNDAMENTAL UNITS PRODUCTS
SIX IMPORTANT DERIVED UNITS IN RADIOLOGIC PHYSICS: AREA, VOLUME, DENSITY, SPECIFIC GRAVITY, TEMPERATURE, AND MECHANICS
AREA: MEASURE OF A TWO-DIMENSIONAL SURFACE EXPRESSED IN SQUARE UNITS. (L X W)
VOLUME: MEASURE OF THE CAPACITY OF A THREE DIMENSIONAL CONTAINER EXPRESSED IN CUBIC UNITS.
DENSITY: MEASURE OF MASS (AMOUNT OF SUBSTANCE PER UNIT OF VOLUME OF THAT SUBSTANCE)
DENSITY MEASURES THE ___________ OF THE PARTICLES WHICH MAKE UP THAT SUBSTANCE COMPACTNESS
SPECIFIC GRAVITY: THE RATIO OF THE DENSITY OF ANY MATERIAL TO THE DENSITY OF WATER.
DENSITY OF WATER 1.00
IF A SUBSTANCE HAS A SPECIFIC GRAVITY LESS THAN 1.00 IT WILL________ ON WATER. FLOAT (FOAM PEANUTS ABOVE WATER)
IF A SUBSTANCE HAS A SPECIFIC GRAVITY GREATER THAN 1.00 IT WILL____________IN WATER. SINK (LEAD PELLETS)
TEMPERATURE: MEASURE OF AVG. ENERGY MOVEMENT OF PARTICLES WITHIN MATTER
AS TEMP INCREASES, DO THE PARTICLES MOVE AROUND MORE RAPIDLY OR LESS? MORE RAPIDLY
AS TEMP DECREASES, DO THE PARTICLES MOVE AROUND MORE RAPIDLY OR LESS? LESS
THERMOMETER IS CALIBRATED AT WHAT TWO POINTS? FREEZING POINT OF WATERBOILING POINT OF WATER
THREE BASIC SCALES ARE USED TO MEASURE TEMP: FARENHEITCELSIUS (CENTIGRADE)KELVIN (EXTREME HEAT)
TEMPERATURE CONVERSION FORMULA F-32=1.8C
HEAT: ENERGY ASSOCIATED W/ THE MOVEMENT OF PARTICLES WITHIN AN OBJECT.
UNIT OF HEAT: CALORIE
ONE CALORIES IS THE AMOUNT OF HEAT NECESSARY TO RAISE ______ BY ____________. ONE GRAM OF WATER, ONE DEGREE CELSIUS.
HEAT CAN BE TRANSFERRED FROM ONE LOCATION TO ANOTHER BY: CONDUCTIONCONVECTIONTHERMAL RADIATION
HEAT CONDUCTION: TRANSFER OF HEAT BY PARTICLE MOTION FROM A SOLID OF HIGHER TEMP TO A SOLID OF LOWER TEMP.
HEAT CONVECTION: TRANSFER OF HEAT BY PARTICLE MOTION FROM A LIQUID OR GAS OF HIGHER TEMPERATURE TO A LIQUID OR GAS OF LOWER TEMPERATURE.
THERMAL RADIATION: TRANSFER OF HEAT THROUGH SPACE BY THE EMISSION OF INFRARED RADIATION
PART OF PHYSICS THAT DEALS WITH MOVEMENT MECHANICS
TWO DERIVED UNITS USED TO MEASURE THE MOVEMENT RATE: VELOCITYACCELERATION
VELOCITY RATE OF CHANGE OF POSITION W/ TIME.V=D/T (60MILES PER HOUR)
ACCELERATION: RATE OF CHANGE OF VELOCITY W/TIME
FIRST LAW OF MOTION OBJECT AT REST WILL REMAIN AT REST OR AN OBJECT IN MOTION WILL CONTINUE MOVING AT CONSTANT VELOCITY IN A STRAIGHT LINE UNLESS ACTED UPON BY AN EXTERNAL FORCE.
THE FIRST LAW OF MOTION IS ALSO KNOWN AS: LAW OF INERTIA
SECOND LAW OF MOTION: THE FORCE IS REQUIRED TO MOVE AN OBJECT IS EQUAL TO THE PRODUCT OF MASS OF AN OBJECT AND IT'S ACCELERATION.
FORMULA OF FORCE: F=M X A
UNIT OF FORCE: NEWTON (N)
THIRD LAW FOR EVERY ACTION THERE IS AN EQUAL AND OPPOSITE REACTION
WEIGHT THE PULLING FORCE OF AN OBJECT CAUSED BY GRAVITY
WORK W=FXD PRODUCT OF FORCE AND DISTANCE
UNIT OF WORK JOULE (J)
POWER P=W/T RATE AT WHICH WORK IS DONE
LAW OF CONSERVATION OF ENERGY ENERGY CANNOT BE CREATED NOR DESTROYED BUT ONLY CHANGED FROM ONE FORM TO ANOTHER
TOTAL AMOUNT OF ENERGY IN THE UNIVERSE IS... CONSTANT
UNITS OF ENERGY -ELECTRON VOLT (EV)-JOULE (J)
PRINCIPLE TYPES OF ENERGY: ELECTRICAL, CHEMICAL, THERMAL, NUCLEAR, ELECTROMAGNETIC, MECHANICAL
ELECTRICAL ENERGY ENERGY PRODUCED BY MOVING ELECTRICAL CHARGES
CHEMICAL ENERGY ENERGY PRODUCED AS A RESULT OF A CHEMICAL REACTION
THERMAL ENERGY ENERGY OF HEAT
NUCLEAR ENERGY ENERGY RELEASED BY AN UNSTABLE ATOMIC NUCLEUS
ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY (X-RAY) ENERGY CREATED FROM ELECTRICAL AND MAGNETIC DISTURBANCES.
MECHANICAL ENERGY ENERGY CREATED BY A MACHINE
TYPES OF MECHANICAL ENERGY: -KINETIC-POTENTIAL
KINETIC ENERGY: ENERGY IN MOTION
POTENTIAL ENERGY: ENERGY AT REST (ENERGY OF POSITION)
FUNDAMENTAL UNITS AND DERIVED UNITS ARE GROUPED TOGETHER INTO... SYSTEMS OF MEASUREMENT
EACH SYSTEM CONSISTS OF THE THREE FUNDAMENTAL UNITS: LENGTH, MASSS, TIME
THREE SYSTEMS IMPORTANT IN RADIOLOGIC PHYSICS: -BRITISH-METRIC-INTERNATIONAL
BRITISH SYSTEM: LENGTH:FOOTMASS: POUNDSTIME: SECOND
METRIC SYSTEM HAS TWO VARIATIONS: MKSCGS
MKS SYSTEM LENGTH: METERMASS: KILOGRAMTIME:SECOND
CGS SYSTEM LENGTH:CENTIMETERMASS: GRAMTIME:SECOND
INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM (SI) LENGTH: METERMASS: KILOGRAMTIME: SECOND (SAME AS MKS)
MATTER: ANYTHING THAT OCCUPIES SPACE AND HAS MASS
SUBSTANCE ANY MATTER WITH A DEFINITE AND CONSTANT COMPOSITION. (WATER)
MOLECULE SMALLEST PARTICLE OF A SUBSTANCE WITH ALL THE PROPERTIES OF THAT SUBSTANCE (H2O)
MIXTURE: ANY MATTER THAT DOES NOT HAVE A DEFINITE AND CONSTANT COMPOSITION (SWEET TEA)
COMPOUND CHEMICAL (PERMANENT) COMBO OF TWO OR MORE ELEMENTS. E.G. HYDROGEN + O2= WATER
ELEMENT: THE SIMPLEST FORM OF MATTER CONTAINING ONLY ONE KIND OF ATOM.
ALL ATOMS OF THE SAME ELEMENT ARE... IDENTICAL
ATOM SMALLEST PARTICLE OF AN ELEMENT WITH ALL THE PROPERTIES OF THAT ELEMENT
WHO TAUGHT THAT MATTER IS COMPOSED OF "ATOMOS" TINY INDIVISIBLE PARTICLES? DEMOCRITUS
WHO TAUGHT THAT MATTER IS COMPOSED OF VARIOUS COMBINATIONS OF FOUR BASIC SUBSTANCES? EARTH, FIRE, AIR, WATER ARISTOTLE
DEMOCRITUS AND ARISTOTLE TAUGHT DURING WHAT TIME PERIOD? 300 B.C.
ARISTOTLE'S MODEL IS CALLED WHAT MODEL? MEDIEVAL MODEL
WHO CAME UP WITH THE HOOK AND EYE MODEL? JOHN DALTON 1808
WHO CAME UP WITH THE PLUM PUDDING MODEL? JOSEPH J. THOMSON 1893
THE PLUMS ARE LIKE...IN A ....LIKE MASS NEGATIVE ELECTRONS, STICKY POSITIVE LIKE PUDDING
WHO CAME UP WITH NUCLEAR MODEL? ERNEST RUTHERFORD 1911
WHAT IS THE NUCLEAR MODEL? ATOMS HAVE A POSITIVE CENTRAL CORE CALLED THE NUCLEUS SURROUNDED BY A CLOUD OF NEGATIVE ELECTRONS
NEILS BOHR 1913 SOLAR SYSTEM MODEL, (MINIATURE SOLAR SYSTEM)
STANDARD MODEL: CURRENT -ATOM HAS + NUCLEUS-NUCLEUS CONTAINS MORE THAN 99% OF MASS-LAYERS OF POTENTIAL ENERGY (SHELLS) SURROUND NUCLEUS-ATOM IS NEUTRAL -EACH ATOM IS MADE FROM SMALLER UNITS OF MATTER CALLED SUBATOMIC PARTICLES.
ATOMIC STRUCTURE HAS TWO PARTS: -NUCLEUS-SHELL SYSTEM
TWO ELEMENTS HAVE ONLY ONE SHELL HYDROGEN AND HELIUM
PARTICLES TRAVELING WITHIN THE SHELLS ARE CALLED... ELECTRONS
PATH FOLLOWED BY AN ELECTRON AS IT TRAVELS WITHIN A SHELL IS CALLED AN... ORBITAL
ORBITAL ELECTRON IS SYNONYMOUS WITH... PLANETARY ELECTRON
Created by: Roentgen on 2008-09-17



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