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A&I LIT Vocab

Accentual meter stressed rhythmic structure of poetic lines
Agon Struggle
Alexandrine 12 syllable line written in iambic hexameter
Allergorical A naritive that is an extended metaphor
Alliteration repetition in a consonant
Allusion A reference to a person place or thing in another work or history
Anapest 2 short syllables followed by 1 long syllable
Antagonist The one who struggles against or contends with the protagonist
Apostrophe Direct address to someone or something not present
Argumentative Describes writting that establishes a position and support it with evidence
Assonsnce Repetition of vowel sounds
Aubade A morning love song
Ballad A narrative folk song or set to music
Balled stanza Four line stanzas consisting of alternating four- and three- stress lines
Bathos Abrupt changes in style going from exalted to mundane
Blank verse Unrhymed iambic pentameter
Ceasura A complete pause in a line of poetry
Catastrophe Final resolution in a poem or narrative that unravels the plot and concludes the work
Catharsis Cleaning or purging
Climax Turning point in a story, action stops building and begins to fall
Closed form Poetry specified to pre specified requirments of rhyme
Complication Eliment introduced into the plot to alter its course
Conceits Extended metaphor governing an entire passage or poem
Conclusion Final division that brings the work to and end
Connotation Emotional association that accompanies a certain word or phrase
Consonance Repetition of a conconant sound in short succesion
Conventional Following accepted standards
Couplet Two consecutive lines in poetry
Crisis Turning point in a story, clumination of the events
Dactyl A foot in meter of poetry. greek:long followed by 2 short, English: stressed followed by 2 unstressed
Denotation Literal meaning
Denouement The conclusion of a story
Diction Word choice
Dimeter A line containting only two metrical feet
Doggerel Derogatory term for verse with little literary value
Dramatic monologue Speech delivered by a single charachter
Dynamic A character whose personality changes
Elegy A sorrowful, melancholic poem
Enacted Preformed by an actor or actors
End rhyme Repetition of siilar sound in two or more worlds
Enjambment A line having no end punctuation so that the meaning countinues uniterupted to the next line
Epic A long narrative poem written in elevated language and style about the expoits of a hero or heroine
Epigram A short verse apperning at the beginning of a longer work to set the mood or reveal the stories meaning
Exposition The author's explanation of the bachground information
Expository Writing or discourse with the primary purpose of informing, clarifying, or explaning
Expressionism Subjective depiction of the real world through imagination
Falling action Moment following the climax, problem is solved
Farce Comedy that entertains the audience through absurdity
Feminine rhyme Two or more syllables match in the ryhyming words
Fiction Imaginary narrative; the information or events are created by the author
Figurative Deviation from usual meaning of a word or group of words resulting in a specific affect or meaning
Figurative image Picture painted by the writer usually a poet
Fixed form Any one of three foureenth and fifteenth-century French poectic form: the ballad , the virelai, and rondeau
Foil A character who highlights through contrast opposite charachteristics in another character
Foot Basic unit of meter consisting of a set number of stressed and unstressed syllables
Form Pattern or design of a poem (closed or open form)
Free verse Poetry using natural rhythms of words and phrases
Hamartia A tragic flaw within a character
Heptameter Line with seven metrical feet
Heroic couplet Two successive lines of iambic pentameter with the second lines usually ending with a stop
Hexameter Line with 6 metrical feet
High comedy Comedy carried out by characters that are true to life or realistic
The how The authors style
Hyperbole Exaggeration
Iambic foot Unstressed followed by a stresses syllable
Iambic meter Iambic foot
Iambic pentameter Line of 5 feet with unstressed then stressed syllable
Iambic pentameter Line of 5 feet with unstressed then stressed syllable
Iambic rhythm Rising and falling rhythm, alternating stressed and unstressed syllables
Image Word picture painted by the writer
Imagine To visualize the picture evoked by the writer through the sense
Imagism Free imagery, open interpretation
Impressionism Subjective or personal literary style that relies on association
Internal rhyme A word rhyming at the end of the line with a word in the middle of the line
Introduction First stage in a plot which the author establishes the situation and shares background information
Invective Writing that attacks a person or idea through emotional language
Inversion Doing or saying the opposite or unexpected
Irony Discrepancy between what is said or done and what is meant
Limericks A five line humor or nonsensical poem in which the first two lines are anapestic trimester then the next two are anapestic diameter and the last line is trimester, the rhyme scheme is aab
Literal The meaning of a word or phrase according to the dictionary denotation
Literary ballad Four rhyming lines (abcb) with lines 1 and 3 having eight syllables and lines 2 and 4 having six
Low comedy Humor with absurdities
Lyric A poem sharing personal emotions in classical poetry accompanied by a lyre
Masculine rhyme A rhyme that matches just one syllable
Metaphor Comparison of two unlike I teams
Meter Basic rhythmic structure for lines in poetic verse
Metonym A figure of speech in which and idea or a thing is referenced by a a name closely associated with it "a change of name"
Mimesis "Imitation" mimetic theory from Aristotle held that successful imitation in art portrayed reality as closely as possible
Mock heroic Satire or parody that mocks the classical stereotype of a hero or heroic literature
Mode A broad literary method not tied to one specific form or genre such as irony or satire
Manometer A line of verse with one foot
Motif An object concept or structure repeated in a literary work thereby giving it symbolic significance in the story
Narrative The events that tell the story
Narrator An individual who tells or speaks the story
Naturalism Literary movement that depicts life as accurately as possible
Neo-classical A style of prose and poetry from seventeenth and eighteenth centuries reviving a classical style from Greek to roman culture
Non-fiction Writing that delivers factual events and observations
Novel An extended fictional narrative written in prose that includes characters plots and setting
Octameter A line of poetry of eight meters cal feet
Octave Poetic verse of eight lines of iambic pentameter
Ode Lyrical verse or poem with a serious topic and tone
Onomatopoeia Use of a word that suggests or mimics it's meaning through sound
Open form Poetry that does not follow a predetermined form freedom in the form of a poem
Oxymoron A figure of speech where two words opposite in meaning are placed next to each other
Paradox A statement that seems absurd or contradictory but it is true
Parody A work that mocks an original work character or style through humorous imitation
Personification Figure of speech that attributes human characteristics to inanimate objects or animals
Phonic Pertaining to sound from speech
Plot The series of events that makeup the story
Point of view The perspective or vantage point from which the author chooses to tell the story
Prose The most common form of written language following natural speech patterns and grammatical structure
Protagonist Main character in a literary work, literally one who struggles toward or for something
Pun A play on the meaning of a word or of similar-sounding words for an intended effect
Quatrain Four line of verse making up a stanza or a poem
Realism Delivering subjects from third person objective point of view with no added interpretation or elaboration
Resolution Point of final conflict in the plot between the protagonist and antagonist where one emerges as the categorical winner
Reversal Doing or saying the opposite or unexpected
Rhyme scheme Pattern of repetition of rhyme within a Pom designated by aabb or abab, where the letter a marks the first line and all other lines rhyming with it
Rising action Introduction of conflict into the plot bringing tension that continues throughout the story
Roman a clef "Novel with a key" a narrative that depicts historical figures and events in the form of fiction
Romance An aritistic and and literary movement originating in the second half of the eighteenth century in Europe, emphasizing emotion idealism, adventure, and chivalry
Sarcasm Harsh or biting verbal irony
Satire Literary form that ridicules human vices or shortcomings
Sestet Poetic verse of six lines
Sestina Poem of six, six-line stanzas with six end words that are repeated in a closing tercel
Setting The time, place, and circumstances in which a story occurs
Simile Comparison of two unlike I teams using like, as, or as if
Slant rhyme Repetition of final consonants only in two words
Sonnet Specified poetic patter of fourteen lines arranged in a set rhyme scheme
Speculative Writing or discourse that explores ideas
Stanza In poetry a group of lines set off by space also referred to as a verse
Static A character who stays the same throughout a literary work
Stereotype A popularly held belief about as pacific group or type of individuals
Stock A well-understood and accepted interpretation of an image symbol or character.
Stricture Organization of a literary work
Style How an author writes incorporates diction syntax use of narrative and dialogue. Choice point of view and description
Symbol An object, image, word, or feeling that represents something treating
Synecdoche Specific type of metaphor in which a part is used to represent the whole or the whole for a part
Syntax Sentence construction or sentence structure
Tercet Three lines of poetry that form a stanza or a complete poem
Tetrameter A line of four metrical feet
Thought Idea the essayist is conveying
Theme Statement summarizing the message or a complete poem
Tone The attitude toward the subject conveyed by the author
Topic Phrase stating subject or theme of a work or speech
Tragic hero Noble good protagonist in a tragedy who experiences adversity or misfortune
Tragic comedy Fictional work combining characteristics of tragedy and comedy such as a somber play with a happy ending
Trimeter In poetry a line with three metrical feet
Trochee Metrical foot in poetry of a stressed syllable followed by an unstressed one
Truth Fact or reality that transcends genres
Understatement Expression of an idea with less force or strength than expected for the sake of humor
Verse A line of poetry often used to refer to a section or stanza of a poem
Villanelle A poem consisting of nineteen lines: five tercets followed by one quatrain
Voice The speaker in nonfiction the author in fiction the narrator may also refer to the style chosen by the writer such as formal or informal
The when Setting of the story within time
Then where Physical setting of the story
The who Characters in the story
The why Theme or main idea of the story
The wit Intellectual humor in poetry with works through word play to emphasize concepts
Created by: cmiele