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Chapter 9 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Conquistador Name for the Spanish explorers who claimed land in the Americas for Spain.
Cultural Convergence The contact and interaction of one culture with another.
Caudillo A Latin American military dictator.
Pampas A grasslands region in Argentina and Uruguay.
Cay A small, low island or coral reef.
Coral The rocklike skeletons of tiny sea animals
Tropical Storm Winds of a least 74 miles per hour.
Hurricane A destructive tropical storm that forms over the Atlantic Ocean, usualy in late summer and early fall, with winds of at least 74 miles per hour.
El Nino A warm ocean current of South America's northwestern coast that influences global weather patterns.
Canopy The uppermost layer of a forest where tree branches meet.
Mestizo A person of mixed European and Native American heritage.
Mulatto A person of mixed African and European ancestry.
Volcanoes A break in Earth's crust where magma and other materials erupts from Earth's interior.
Rainforests A type of thick evergreen forest found in areas of heavy rainfall
Deserts A geographic region with too little rainfall to support much plant life; also a vegetation zone.
Region An area defined by one or more natural or cultural characteristics that set it apart from other areas.
Isthmus A narrow strip of land that links two larger landmasses.
Volcanic Islands An island formed when an underwater volcano build up enough lava and ash to rise above sea level.
Plateaus A raised area of land, such as a hill or mountain, with flat top.
Basin A bowl-shaped depression, or hollow, in Earth's surface.
Climates The pattern of weather over a long period of time.
Temperate Moderate or mild, without extremes of hot or cold.
Arid Dry or lacking rainfall; also a climate or climate zone that is hot and dry all year with very little rain.
Semiarid Dry, with little rainfall; also a climate or climate zone with hot, dry summers and cool, dry winters
Ecosystem A community of all the living things in an area and the environment in which they live.
Cloud Forest A type of high-altitude, tropical forest that is usually covered by clouds or mist.
Tropical Wet A climate or climate zone that is hot and rainy all year.
Highlands A mountaninous part of a country; a climate zone where temperature and precipitation vary with latitude and elevation; a vegetation zone where the mix of plants veries with latitude and elevation; also refers to the type of vegetation in this zone.
Broadleaf Evergreen Forest A vegetation zone of mainly tall trees that remain green all year; also refers to the type of vegetation in this zone.
Desert Scrub A vegetation zone of mainly small trees bushes, and other plants adappted to a dry climate; also refers to the type of vegatin in this zone.
Tropical Grasslands Vegetation or a vegetation zone of manily grasses and scattered trees adapted a tropical wet and dry climate.
Vegetation Zone A large area of Earth with a certain mix of plants and trees that are adapted to similar conditions.
Forest Floor The bottom layer, or ground, of a forest.
Temperate Grasslands Vegetation or a vegetation zone of mainly grasses and scattered trees adapted to a tropical we and dry climate.
Empire A group of territories, people, or nations ruled by a single authoriy.
Dictators A leader who governs by force, without the consent of the people.
Urban Found or living in a city.
Natural Resources A useful material that is found in nature, such as water, wood, coal, or oil.
Economic Activities Any action that relates to the making, buying, and selling of goods and service.
Livestock Raising Raising animals for food, milk, wool, or other products.
Subsistence Farming Farming carried out mainly to provide food for farm families, with little surplus for sale to others.
Barter Conducting trade by exchanging goods or services instead of money.
Commercial Farming Raising crops for sale, often on large farms.
Plantations A large farm,especially in a hot area.
Forestry The planting,growing, and harvesting of trees.
Tourism Travel for pleasure rather than business or necessity; also, the business of organizing such travel.
Created by: darrahgriffin on 2013-11-07



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