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300 Toefl Words 2

300 Toefl Words 2 - Words 21-60

QuestionAnswer
ANNALS Historical records - in the annals of literature.
ANONYMOUS Of unknown name; whose name is withheld; lacking individuality, unique character, or distinction; -an anonymous publication.
ANTHOLOGY A book or other collection of selected writings by various authors, usually in the same literary form, of the same period, or on the same subject – an anthology of modern poetry.
ANTITHESIS (adj.: ANTITHETICAL) Contrast; the direct opposite - His selfish attitude seemed to me the antithesis o patriotism.
APATHY (adj.: APATHETIC) Lack of feeling, emotion, or interest - attributed his failure to apathy, rather than lack of ability. Synonyms: torpor, lethargy, sluggishness, listlessness, languor, lassitude, dispassion; (verb) languish. Antonyms: zeal, animation
APPREHENSIVE Uneasy or fearful about something that might happen - Being unprepared, John is apprehensive of the examination.
APPRISE 1. to estimate the monetary value of; determine the worth of; assess; 2. to estimate the nature, quality, importance, etc. 3. to inform -apprised his lieutenants of the new situation.
ARBITER A person who has authority to decide matters in dispute - a fair decision rendered by the arbiter. Synonyms: mediator, arbitrator
ARCHETYPE The original pattern or model from which all things of the same kind are copied or on which they are based; a model or first form; prototype –copies reproduced from the archetype. Synonym: prototype. Antonyms: Stereotype, facsimile, replica
ARID 1. being without moisture; extremely dry; parched- the arid desert land. 2. barren or unproductive because of lack of moisture – the arid farmland. Synonyms. jejune, parched. Synonyms: arable, fertile
ARMISTICE A temporary suspension of hostilities. The armistice halted the war. Synonym: truce
ARTFUL 1. slyly crafty or cunning; deceitful; tricky - attained his mean objective by artful measures. Synonyms: cunning, wily, adroit, ingenious, guileful. Synonyms: guileless, ingenuous, artless. 2. skillful or clever in adapting means to ends; ingenious
ARTICULATE (verb) To speak clearly or distinctly - articulated slowly so that he could not be misunderstood. (adj.): Capable of speech; distinct, clear – an articulate man, always ready to give his views.
ASKANCE With suspicion, mistrust, or disapproval- looked askance at the forged signature.
ASSIDUOUS Constant; unremitting - an assiduous worker, toiling long hours. Synonyms: sedulous, attentive, diligent, indefatigable. Antonyms: indolent, slothful
ASYLUM A place offering shelter and retreat -found asylum from persecution. Synonyms: sanctuary, refuge
ATTRIBUTE (verb) To regard as resulting from a specified cause; considered as caused by something indicated -attributed his success to bard work. Synonym: ascribe. (noun): An inherent quality -Generosity was his outstanding attribute.
AUGMENT To increase or enlarge - an army augmented by numerous enlistments. . Synonyms: enhance, amplify - Antonyms: abate, curtail
AUSPICIOUS Indicating a happy outcome - The prospect for this project appears auspicious. . Synonyms: propitious, fortunate. Antonyms: ominous, foreboding
AWRY Unsymmetrical; not straight - the picture, hanging awry on the wall. Synonym: askew
BANAL Lacking in freshness, originality, or vigor-bored by his banal remarks. Synonyms: commonplace, hackneyed, prosaic, trite, stereotyped, vapid. Synonyms: racy, original, vivid
BANTER Good-natured teasing or ridicule-The two wits exchanged banter, to the amusement of the audience. Synonyms: raillery, chaff
BELIE To give a false idea of - His gracious manner belied his evil purpose. Synonym: misrepresent
BELLICOSE Inclined to quarrel; warlike - His bellicose attitude often got John into fights. Synonyms: pugnacious, contentious, disputatious. Antonyms: pacific, conciliatory
BENEVOLENT Characterized by or expressing goodwill or kindly feelings - like a benevolent monarch, bestowing many favors. Synonyms: benign, benignant, gracious, magnanimous Antonyms: malevolent, malignant
BESMIRCH 1. To soil or dirty 2. to detract from the honor or luster of- besmirched his opponent's good name with vile epithets. . Synonyms: stilly, defile, smirch, bespatter
BIAS A particular tendency or inclination, esp. one that prevents unprejudiced consideration of a question; prejudice- He was misled by his bias. Synonyms: bigoted, arbitrary, partial, partisan Antonyms: disinterested, equitable
BIZARRE Strikingly out of the ordinary: as a : odd, extravagant, or eccentric in style or mode b : involving sensational contrasts or incongruities- bizarre clothes, outlandish in the extreme. Synonyms: odd, fantastic, grotesque, eccentric
BLAND Not highly flavored; mild; tasteless – The soup was quite bland. Synonyms: piquant, tart, racy, caustic, acrid, pungent
BLEMISH (verb) To scar or spoil - Bad associates blemished his character. (noun): A disfigurement, defect - a character without a blemish.
BOG Wet, spongy ground with soil composed mainly of decayed vegetable matter- sank into the spongy bog. Synonyms: morass, fen, quagmire, mire, swamp
BOMBASTIC (noun: BOMBAST) High-sounding; pretentious in language - a bombastic speech, inflated with meaningless high-flown words. Synonyms: ranting, pompous, fustian
BOORISH Unrefined in speech or manners - exhibited the boorish manners of a backwoodsman. . Synonyms: churlish, uncouth. uncultured, crass Antonym: suave
BUFFOON A person given to coarse or undignified joking - acting like a buffoon, full of ludicrous tricks.
CABAL A small group of persons engaged in plotting - a cabal of prominent persons united to overthrow the government. Synonyms: junta, faction
CACOPHONOUS Unharmonious sounding - a cacophonous blare of trumpets, noisy and discordant. Synonyms: dissonant, discordant, blatant, strident, raucous Antonyms: mellifluous, euphonious, dulcet
CADAVEROUS Corpselike; hence, haggard, pale -His face appeared cadaverous from long imprisonment. Synonyms: ghastly, gaunt, pallid (noun: pallor), wan, ashen. Antonyms: rubicund, florid
CALLOUS Unfeeling or insensitive - made callous by long suffering. Synonyms: insensible, obdurate
CANDID (noun: CANDOR) Frank, outspoken; impartial -a candid reply that could hardly be more forthright. Synonyms: artless, ingenuous, unbiased. Antonyms: guileful, evasive
CANTANKEROUS Ill-natured; quarrelsome – showed a cantankerous and sullen disposition. Synonyms: petulant, peevish, contentious, pugnacious, testy, choleric, fretful. Antonyms: amiable, affable, equable
Created by: anino on 2012-08-02



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