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Linguistics Final


transliteration spelling a word in another language
hybrid word words parts from multiple languages
diphthong letter sounds combined into a single sound
loanword at least partially naturalized word taken from another language
onomatopoeia naming of a thing or action by vocal imitation of sound associated with it
exact reduplication exact repetition (the popo)
rhyming reduplication repetition of sounds to rhyme (roly poly)
homophone same pronunciation, different spelling
homograph same spelling, different pronunciation/definition
Greek word analysis perils improper segmentation, bases that look alike, homophonous bases, Latin/Greek confusion
idiom phrase, word or structure specific to certain geographic area/culture
rigid idiom when an idiom can be both a normal, literal phrase and a saying
flexible idiom when an idiom doesn't make sense in a literal context
Webster controversy 1961, slang words in dictionary
weakening vowel of base is changed when prefix is added
assimilation sound shifts for ease of speech
metaphorical mapping linking the concrete with the abstract
metonymy describing the whole with a part
simple antonym dead-alive
gradable antonym hot-cold; lukewarm, chilly, etc.
clipping shortening word; math(ematics)
ambiguity multiple meanings
vagueness relies on context for meaning
back-formation making up conjugations of a word
Created by: meetredmeat