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Endocrine System (K)

The endocrine system from Quick sheets

HormoneSourceAction
Luteinizing (LH) Anterior Pituitary Stimulates ovulation; testosterone synthesis
Adrenocorticotropic (ACTH) Anterior Pituitary Stimulates adrenal cortext to make and secrete gluticocorticoids
Thyroid Stimulating (TSH) Anterior Pituitary Stimulates the thyroid to produce thyroid hormones
Prolactin Anterior Pituitary Stimulates Milk Production and Secretion
Endorphins Anterior Pituitary Inhibit perception of pain in the brain
Growth Hormone Anterior Pituitary Stimulates bone and muscle growth/lipolysis
Oxytocin Hypothalamus; stored in posterior pituitary Stimulates uterine contractions during labor, milk secretion during lactation
Vasopressin (ADH) Hypothalamus; stored in posterior pituitary Stimulates water reabsorption in kidneys
Thyroid hormones (T3, T4) Thyroid Stimulates metabolic activity
Calcitonin Thyroid Decreases (tones down) blood calcium level
Parathyroid hormone Parathyroid Increases blood calcium level
Glucocorticoids Adrenal cortex Increases blood glucose level and decreases protein sythesis
Mineralcorticoids Adrenal cortex Increases water reabsorbtion in kidneys
Epinephrine Adrenal medulla Increases blood glucose level and heart rate
Glucagon Pancreas Stimulates conversion of glycogen to glucose in the liver, increases blood glucose
Insulin Pancreas Lowers blood glucose, increases glycogen stores
Somatostatin Pancreas Supresses secretion of glucagon and insulin
Testosterone Testes Maintains male secondary sexual characteristics
Estrogen Ovary/Placenta Maintains female secondary sexual characteristics
Progesterone Ovary/Placenta Promotes growth/maintenance of endometrium
Melatonin Pineal Unclear in humans
Atrial natriuretic peptide Heart Involved in osmoregulation and vasodilation
Thymosin Thymus Stimulates T lymphocyte development
Norepinephrine Adrenal Medula Increases blood glucose level and heart rate
Follicle-stimulating (FSH) Anterior Pituitary Stimulates follicle maturation; spermatogenesis
Created by: Gillian Woodruff Gillian Woodruff on 2013-02-10



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