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Phonetics Phonology and first and second language acquisition

What is phonology is the study of how speech sounds form patterns.
Be able to define and give an example of a minimal pair When two words such as pat and bat are identical in form except for a contrast in one phoneme, occurring in the same position
Be able to define assimilation and dissimilation two phonemes occur in a sequence and some aspect of one phoneme is taken or ‘copied’ by the other/omission of one or more sounds
What is incorporated in the field of semantics? synonyms, homonymy,polysemy
Be able to define pragmatics how things are said that gives it meaning
What is language acquisition? process of learning a native or a second language.
Know the three schools of theorectical views Nativism:chomsky and environment Empiricism:Blank slate Locke Interactionist View:More weight on experience
Be able to define universal grammar All language have grammar, basic word order, nouns verbs etc.
Be able to define the CPH Critical period hypothesis
Know the characteristics of caretaker speech Higher pitched, stressed intonation simple lexicon phonological reduxction
Know second language acquisition theories Skinner Behaviorist: habit and imitation Chomsky Innatist: pre programmed Vygosxtky Interactionist: interactions
What is comprehensible input? (i + 1) Understandable input for second language learners.
Know the difference between BICS and CALP basic interpersonal communicative skills, Cognitive academic language proficiency
Know the basics of learning styles (they are logical!) Kinestetic, Auditory, Visual
Be able to define dialect Social
Be able to define accent Reigonal phonological or phonetic distinctions
Created by: mrsteddy