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Poetry Terms

Couplet is two successive lines of poetry, especially those of the same length, that rhyme. Often used in humorous poems because they pack a quick punch. Example: "Casey at the Bat" is written in four line stanzas consisting of two couplets in each.
Dactyl is a metrical foot of three syllables, the first accented and the next two unaccented.
Heptameter is a line of verse with seven (7) metrical feet.
Hexameter is a line of verse with six (6) metrical feet.
Iamb is a metrical foot of two syllables, the first unaccented and the second accented.
Ode is a lyric poem addressed to a specific person or thing with lofty feeling, elaborate form, and dignified style.
Pentameter is a line of verse with five (5) metrical feet.
Sonnet is a poem of exactly fourteen (14) Iambic pentameter verses with a specific rhyme scheme (Italian, also known as Petrarchan, or British, also known as Shakespearean).
Spondee is a metrical foot of two syllables, both accented.
Verse is a single line of poetry
Ballad A song or songlike poem that tells a story. Ballads usually tell stories of tragedy, love, or adventure, using simple language and a great deal of repitition. They generally have regular rhythm and rhyme patterns that make them easy to memorize.
Free verse Poetry without a regular meter or rhyme scheme. Captures natural rhythms of ordinary conversing or unusual conversation. May use internal rhyme, repetition, alliteration, onomatopoeia, and other sound effects. Often use vivid imagery, metaphors & similes
Lyric poem A poem that expresses the feelings or thoughts of a speaker rather than telling a story. Can express a wide range of feelings or thoughts. Usually short and imply, rather than directly state, a single strong emotion or idea.
Meter A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry. It is common practice to show this pattern in writing by using two symbols.
Poetry A rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imagination. Usually arranged in lines. Often has a regular pattern of rhythm & may have regular rhyme scheme. lyric,narrative,epic,ballad.
Refrain A repeated sound, word, phrase, line, or group of lines. Usually associated with songs & poems. Also used in speeches & other forms of literature. Often used to build rhythm. May also provide emphasis,commentary,create suspense,or help hold work together.
Rhyme The repetition of accented vowel sounds and all sounds following them in words that are close together in a poem. Purposes include building rhythm,lending songlike quality,emphasizing ideas,organizing poems (ie stanzas or couplets), humor,pleasure,memory.
Rhythm A musical quality produced by the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables or by the repetition of certain other sound patterns. Rhythm occurs in all forms of language, both written & spoken, but is particularly important in poetry.
Speaker The voice talking to us in a poem. The speaker is sometimes, not always, the poet. It is best to think of the voice in the poem as belonging to a character the poet has created. The character may be a child, a woman, a man, an animal, or even an object.
Stanza A group of consecutive lines in a poem that form a single unit.In a poem it is something like a paragraph in prose:It often expresses a unit of thought.It may consist of a number of lines; even a single line.The word Stanza is italian for "stopping place"
Theme The general idea or insight about life taht a work of literature reveals. A theme is not the same as a subject. Subject can usually be expressed in a word or two. Theme is idea or message the writer wishes to convey about the subject.
Tone The attitude a writer takes toward his or her subject, characters, and audience. ie a writers tone might be humorous or passionate and sincere. When people speak, their tone of voice gives added meaning to what they say.
Created by: kich