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A set of moral standards for acceptable professional behavior.
The process by which a state evaluates the credentials of prospective teachers to ensure that they have achieved sat. levels of teaching competence and are morally fit to work with youth.
A legal employment agreement between a teacher and a local school board.
Process that occurs when a local chapter of a professional organization negotiates with a school district over the rights of the teachers and the conditions of employments.
A formal complaint against an employer alleging unsatisfactory working conditions.
A legal safeguard that provides job security by preventing teacher dismissal without cause.
Reduction in force
The elimination of teaching positions because of declining student enrollmnet or school funds. Also known as "riffing."
The right of teachers to choose both content and teaching methods based on their professional judgment.
Federal laws designed to protect the intellectual property of authors,including printed matter, videos, computer software, and various other types of original work.
Policies that specify limitations in use of copyrighted materials for educational purposes.
In loco parentis
A principle meaning "in place of the parents" that requires teachers to use the same judgment and care as parents in protecting the children under their supervision.
A teacher's or other school employee's failure to exercise sufficient care in protecting students from injury.
The extent to which a teacher's behavior becomes known and controversial.
The clause of the First Amendment that prohibits the establishment of a national religion.
Free exercise clause
The clause of the First Amendment that prohibits the government from interfering with individuals' rights to hold religious beliefs and freely practice religion.
A federal act that makes school records open and accessible to students and their parents.
The use of physical, punitive disciplinary actions to correct student misbehavior.
A collection of policies and procedures designed to overcome past racial, ethnic, gender, and disability discrimination.