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Pharm 1

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Term
Definition
Absorption   Process by which a drug is taken into the body and moves from the site of administration into the blood.  
Adverse effect   Undesired, potentially harmful side effects of drugs.  
Agonist   Drug molecule that binds to a receptor and causes a response.  
Antagonist   Drug that binds to specific receptor sites and prevents other medications from binding to these same sites, reversing or not allowing them to have an effect.  
Bioavailability   The extent to which an administered amount of a drug reaches the site of action and is available to produce its effects.  
Biotechnology   Concepts of genetic engineering and recombinant DNA technology.  
Biotransformation   Process of changing the chemical composition of a drug from lipid-soluble molecules into water-soluble molecules that can be more easily excreted; usually takes place in the liver; also known as drug metabolism.  
Bolus   Entire dose of medication given all at once  
Contraindication   Condition when the use of a given medication should be avoided.  
Distribution   Process in which the circulatory system transports a drug throughout the body and drug molecules eventually diffuse out of the bloodstream to the site of action  
Duration   Time between onset and disappearance of drug effects  
Emulsion   Medication contained in a mixture of water and oil bound together with an emulsifier.  
Enteral   Pertaining to the intestinal tract.  
Excretion   Process of elimination of drug molecules from the body; usually by the urinary system.  
Hypersensitivity   Allergic response resulting from previous exposure to the drug or a similar drug; a type of adverse effect to a drug.  
Idiosyncratic effect   Rare and unpredictable adverse effects of some drugs on individuals in which the mechanism of the effect may not be known or clearly understood  
Indication   Reason a medication is used to treat a condition.  
Local effect   Medication acts at the site of application.  
Onset   Time between administration of a drug and the first appearance of effects.  
Parenteral   Pertaining to any drug administration route other than the intestinal tract.  
Pharmacodynamics   Study of how drug actions affect the body.  
Pharmacokinetics   Study of how the body processes drugs  
Plasma protein binding   Process in which some drug molecules attach to proteins (albumins and globulins) contained in blood plasma.  
Reconstituted   Mixing a powder with a liquid to form a solution.  
Side effect   Predictable but unintended effect of a drug.  
Solubility   Characteristic indicating how easily a drug can be dissolved in a fluid.  
Solution   Mixture of drug particles fully dissolved in a liquid.  
Suspension   Mixture of undissolved drug particles floating in a liquid.  
Synergist   Drug that enhances the effect of another drug  
Systemic effect   Medication acts throughout the body.  
Topical   Pertaining to a surface; drug administration route applied to the skin or a mucous membrane–lined cavity.  
Controlled substances   Medication with the potential to be misused or abused, controlled by the Drug Enforcement Administration, and given a classification/schedule.  
Narcotics   Term for a controlled substance that depresses the central nervous system for pain control and has the potential to become habit-forming.  
DEA   Drug Enforcement Administration, part of the Department of Justice, established to enforce the Controlled Substances Act.  
FDA   Food and Drug Administration. Agency within the Department of Health and Human Services that regulates the pharmaceutical industry.  
The Joint Commission   Organization that evaluates and accredits health care organizations and programs in the United States.  
OTC   Term used for over-the-counter medication that does not require a prescription.  
PDR   Physicians’ Desk Reference. Reference that provides information on medications used in medical and surgical practice.  
USP-NF   United States Pharmacopeia and National Formulary. Two different official national lists of approved medications.  


   


 
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Created by: JOEISABRO