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Chapter 21, 22, 23 Vocabulary

Quiz yourself by thinking what should be in each of the black spaces below before clicking on it to display the answer.

Agricultural Revolution   The change from nomadic hunting and gathering to farming that took place about 8000 b.c  
Civilization   An advanced culture  
Monotheism   The belief in one God  
Protectorates   An area that has its own government but is controlled by an outside power  
Chaparral   A type of natural vegetation that is adapted to Mediterranean climates; small evergreen trees and low bushes, or scrub  
Poaching   Illegal hunting  
Mosques   An Islamic place of religious worship  
Muezzin   In Islam, a crier who calls the faithful to prayer five times each day from a minaret  
Minaret   A tall, slender tower attached to a mosque  
Desalination plants   The process of removing salt from seawater so that it can be used for drinking and irrigation  
Nomads   A person who travels from place to place  
Trade Deficit   The situation in which a country imports more than it exports  
Trade Surplus   The situation in which a country exports more then it imports  
Autonomy   Independence  
Genocide   The systematic killing or intentional destruction of a people  
Nationalism   Pride in one's nation; the desire of a cultural group to rule themselves as a separate nation  
Chernozem   A rich topsoil found in the Russian steppes and other mid-latitude grasslands  
Fundamentalism   A set of religious beliefs based on a strict interpenetration of a sacred text  
Yurt   A round tent made of wooden framework and covered with felt or skins  
Desertification   The transformation of arable land into desert either naturally or through human intervention  
Mandate   A commission from the League of Nations authorizing a nation to govern a territory  
Zionist   A member of a movement know as Zionism, founded to promote the establishment of an independent Jewish state  
Self-determination   The right of a people to decide their own political future  
Drip Irrigation   A process by which precisely controlled amounts of water drip directly onto plants from pipes, thus preserving precious water resources in dry areas  
Potash   A mineral used in explosives and ferilizer  
Infastructure   The basic support facilities of a community or country such as roads and bridges, power plants, and schools  
Falaj System   In the Arabian Peninsula, an ancient system of underground and surface canals  
Secular   Worldly, not relating to a religion  
Shah   The title of the former ruler of Iran  
Ayatollah   A religious leader among Shiite Muslims  
Fertile Crescent   A region in the Middle East where farming and the first civilizations developed  
Milita   A citizen army  
Anarchy   Political disorder and violence; lawlessness  
Embargo   A severe restriction of of trade with other countries  


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Created by: madisonhudson