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# Carnegie Chapter 2

prime factorization Breaking down a composite number until all of the factors are prime
base the number or expression that is used as a factor in a repeated multiplication
Associative Property of Multiplication Changing the grouping of the factors in a multiplication statement does not change the product. For any numbers a,b, and c, (a X b) X c = a X (b X c).
factor tree a diagram used to find the prime factors of a number
power a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself
exponent a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself
Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic any composite number can be expressed as a unique product of primes
common multiple A number that is a multiple of two or more numbers.
least common multiple (LCM) The smallest whole number that is a multiple of two or more given numbers.
common factor A number that will divide each of two or more numbers with no remainder
greatest common factor (GCF) The largest whole number that is a factor of two or more indicated numbers.
relatively prime numbers Two numbers that do not have any common factors other than 1.
Created by: molnarmath