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# Carnegie Chapter 2

Question | Answer |
---|---|

prime factorization | Breaking down a composite number until all of the factors are prime |

base | the number or expression that is used as a factor in a repeated multiplication |

Associative Property of Multiplication | Changing the grouping of the factors in a multiplication statement does not change the product. For any numbers a,b, and c, (a X b) X c = a X (b X c). |

factor tree | a diagram used to find the prime factors of a number |

power | a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself |

exponent | a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself |

Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic | any composite number can be expressed as a unique product of primes |

common multiple | A number that is a multiple of two or more numbers. |

least common multiple (LCM) | The smallest whole number that is a multiple of two or more given numbers. |

common factor | A number that will divide each of two or more numbers with no remainder |

greatest common factor (GCF) | The largest whole number that is a factor of two or more indicated numbers. |

relatively prime numbers | Two numbers that do not have any common factors other than 1. |

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molnarmath