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Reproductive Patho

Reproductive System Pathophysiology

During the years that a woman is more likely to be sexually active, the vagina mucosa is protected from infection by: an acidic pH.
Which of the following hormones plays a role in breast milk ejection (let down) during lactation? Oxytocin
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection causes which of the following cancers? Cervical
Which hormone promotes breast development during puberty? Estrogen
Which paired glands lie posterior to the urinary bladder in the male? Seminal vesicles
Cryptorchidism can be defined as: problems with testicular descent.
Which of the following is not a characteristic associated with declining ovarian function with age? Decreased risk of coronary disease
Spermatogenesis occurs in the: seminiferous tubules.
The thick middle layer of the uterine wall is the: myometrium.
Urethritis is a common disorder of the male urethra and is commonly caused by: Neisseria gonorrhea.
In the vast majority of cases of delayed puberty the problem is: slow maturation.
The glands of Montgomery are located in the: breasts.
When estrogen and progesterone levels drop, the endometrium enters: the menstrual phase.
The most potent of the following estrogens is: estradiol.
In stage _____ ovarian cancer is limited to the ovaries. I
Progesterone is often referred to as "the hormone of pregnancy." Which of the following phrases describes its action during pregnancy? Prevents smooth muscle contraction of the uterus
The pathophysiology of polycystic ovarian syndrome is related to: hyperinsulinemia.
Which of the following signs is usually the first clinical manifestation of breast cancer? A painless lump
The cause of primary dysmenorrhea is thought to be related to: elevated prostaglandins.
The descent of the bladder and the anterior vaginal wall into the vaginal wall is called: a cystocele.
The most commonly occurring cancer of the female reproductive tract is: endometrial cancer.
Which of the following are benign uterine tumors that develop from smooth muscle cells in the myometrium and are commonly called uterine fibroids? Leiomyomas
During the menstrual cycle, ovulation occurs after: a sharp rise in luteinizing hormone (LH).
______ is the "bent nail condition," a fibrotic condition that causes lateral curvature of the penis during erection. Peyronie disease
The condition in which the foreskin cannot be retracted back over the glans penis is called: phimosis.
Yeast vaginitis is caused by overgrowth of which microorganism? Candida albicans
Which body structure contains the openings to the vagina and urinary meatus? Vestibule
In postpubertal males, which organism is the most common infectious cause of orchitis? Mumps
The luteinizing hormone surge transforms granulosa cells into: corpus luteal cells.
The duct that carries the ovum from the ovary to the uterus is called the: fallopian tube.
Cells of the ____ have receptors for gonadotropins. ovary
Symptoms of prostatitis are similar to: urinary tract infection.
Prostate cancer: is the leading type of cancer in men.
Medical therapies for endometriosis include suppressing: ovulation.
Which of the following is a normal characteristic of aging and the male reproductive system? Changes in libido
Which sexually transmitted infection can cause infertility and blindness and is often asymptomatic in men and women? Syphilis
An important risk factor in the development of benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) is: increased age.
The usual site of fertilization is the: ampulla of the fallopian tubes.
Galactorrhea is generally caused by: hormonal imbalances.
In utero exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES), an agent given to pregnant women between 1938 and 1971 to prevent miscarriage, increases a woman's risk for which cancer? Vaginal
Having ejected a mature ovum, the ovarian follicle then develops into: a corpus luteum.
An example of a parasitic sexually transmitted infection that is transmitted through close skin-to-skin contact is: scabies.
Which of the following types of ovarian cyst is a teratoma that often contain skin, hair, cartilage, and bone? Dermoid cyst.
A common complaint from men with mild to moderate benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) is: decreased urinary stream.
The major difference between male and female sex hormone production is that: sex hormone production in the male is relatively constant.
The major hormonal determinant of sexual differentiation in utero is: testosterone.
Menstruation is followed by the ______ phase of the menstrual cycle. follicular
Endometrial thickening during the proliferative phase is stimulated by increased levels of: estrogen.
Clinical manifestations of a female patient include the following: irregular and/or heavy bleeding, passage of large clots, and anemia. This patient is experiencing: dysfunctional uterine bleeding.
To prevent prostate cancer, men should be encouraged to consume a diet low in: fat.
Changes in the cervical mucus can be used to identify the periods in which a female is most fertile. During ovulation, cervical mucus can be described as: abundant and elastic.
The ova are contained within the ovarian: follicle.
Gynecomastia is: overdevelopment of breast tissue in males.
A female patient, age 6, is showing growth of pubic hair. All other physical characteristics appear normal. The correct diagnosis would be: incomplete precocious puberty.
The risk of testicular cancer is greater for men with a history of: cryptorchidism.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome often results in: infertility.
"Which hormone promotes the formation of channels in the mucus of the cervical os to facilitate sperm movement into the uterus? Estrogen
Puberty in males and females is triggered by the hormone: leptin.
______ is inflammation of the glans penis. Balanitis
Progesterone is primarily secreted by the: corpus luteum.
Dysmenorrhea manifests with which of the following symptoms? Painful menstruation
_____ is an acute inflammation of the testes. Orchitis
The pigmented area around the nipple of the breast is called the _____. areola
Testicular _____ is when the testes become twisted, thereby constricting blood vessels and interrupting its blood supply, which causes testicular pain and swelling. torsion
Most lymph from the breast tissue drains through the _____ lymph nodes. axillary
The testes and epididymis are enclosed and protected by the _____. scrotum
The lower opening of the uterus is the _____. cervix
Before menopause, the mucosal layer of the _____ is covered with transverse rugae. vagina
The ______ is a body of erectile tissue located between the labia minora in females and is the major site of stimulation and orgasm. clitoris
Male embryos begin to produce the hormone _____ that promotes the development of testes. testosterone
Galactorrhea is the excessive secretion of fluid from the _____. breast, nipple
A _______ is an abnormal dilation of a vein within the spermatic cord that can lead to fertility problems. varicocele
A 50 year-old woman has not had a menstrual period for 1 year. She is in the developmental period of _____. menopause
Sperm are transported from the testes to the urethra through a duct called the _______. vas deferens, ductus deferens
The _____ is the internal lining of the uterine wall. endometrium
An ovarian _______ is a benign, fluid-filled sac that grows to a typical size of 5 to 6 cm. cyst
Created by: cuzyouknow