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Keywords for C1 Chemistry unit

Alkane contains single bonds (saturated)
Alkene contains double bonds (unsaturated)
Alloys a metal mixed with another element
Atom simplest unit of matter
Atomic number number of protons or electrons
Biodiesel biofuel made from vegetable oil
Bioleaching use of bacteria to extract metals from the ground
Blast furnace used to extract Iron from its ore
Boiling point temperature a liquid turns to a gas
Bromine used to detect double bonds in compounds (turns colourless)
Calcium carbonate chemical name for Limestone
Calcium hydroxide made when you react Calcium Oxide with water
Calcium oxide produced after thermal decomposition of Limestone
Carbon dioxide test for this gas using Limewater
Carbon Monoxide produced during incomplete combustion
Catalyst makes reactions happen faster
Cement made from powdered clay and powdered limestone
Compound contains two or more different atoms
Convection currents cause tectonic plate movements
Core the centre of the Earth
Covalent bond type of bond that involves electrons being shared
Cracking making a large hydrocarbon smaller (using heat & catalyst)
Decomposition break down into simpler molecules
Distillation separating compounds according to boiling point
Electrolysis using electricity to extract elements more reactive than C
Electron orbits a nucleus, has a negative charge
Emulsifier forces oil and water to mix
Fermentation converting sugar into alcohol using yeast
Global Dimming caused by particulates in the atmosphere
Hardening add Hydrogen to make more saturated
Hydration add water
Hydrocarbon contains Hydrogen and Carbon
Hydrogenation add Hydrogen
Hydrophilic water-loving
Hydrophobic water-hating
Ionic bond when electrons are lost or gained
Ions atom that has gained a charge
Monomer joins with others to make a polymer
Neutron particle with no charge
Ore rock that contains metal worth extracting
Oxidised Oxygen is added
Phytomining using plants to extract metal from the ground
Polymer made from many monomer units
Proton particle with a positive charge
Radioactive Decay provides the heat to cause convection in the mantle
Reduction remove Oxygen
Sulfur Dioxide reacts with water to form Acid Rain
Theory an idea based on evidence
Viscosity a measure of how easily a substance flows
Volatility how readily it turns into a gas
Created by: docshort



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