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Chemistry Chapter 16

Key terms of Chapter 16

QuestionAnswer
First person to recognize the essential nature of acids and bases was_____________. Svante Arrhenius
Acid Produces hydrogen ions in aqueous solution.
Base Produces hydroxide ions in aqueous solution.
Strong acid Doesn't dissociate in solution.
Weak acid Completely dissociates in solution.
Arrhenius acid Hydrogen ions separate out
Arrhenius base Hydroxide ions separate out
Bronsted-Lowry acid Proton donor - hydrogen ions
Bronsted-Lowry base Proton accepter - hydrogen ions
Conjugate acid An acid donating a proton to a water molecule to form a new acid
Conjugate base An acid donating a proton to a water molecule to form a new base
Conjugate acid - base pair 2 substances related to each other by donating and accepting of a single proton
Hydronium ion When H is transferred to water, forming H(little3)O
Oxyacid Acid containing oxygen
Organic acid Acid with a carbon-atom backbone
Amphoteric substance Can act as an acid or a base
Ionization of water Involves the transfer of a proton from one water molecule to another to produce a hydroxide ion and a hydronium ion
Ion - product constant 1.0 x 10^-14
Finding pH -log(H)
Finding pOH -log(OH)
pH scale Acid: 1-6 Base: 8-14
Created by: thisis