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Compounds & Elements

Water treatment compound and elements

Aluminium chlorohydrates AlCl(OH)5 Use: coagulation
Aluminium sulfate (alum) Al2(SO4)3 Use: coagulation
Ammonia NH3 Use: Generation of chloramines for disinfection
Calcium hydroxide (hydrated lime) Ca(OH)2 Use: pH correction, Softening, Corrosion control
Calcium hypochlorite Ca(ClO)2 Use: Coagulation aid, pH correction, Softening, Corrosion control
Carbon C Use: Adsorption
Chlorine Cl or Cl2 Use: Disinfection/oxidation
Chlorine dioxide ClO2 Use: Disinfection/oxidation
Copper sulfate CuSO4 Use: Algae control
Ferric chloride FeCl3 Use: Coagulation
Ferric sulfates Fe2(SO4)3 Use:Coagulation
Hydrochloric acid HCl Use: pH Correction
Hydrofluorosilicic acid (fluorosilicic acid) H2SiF6 Use: Fluoridation
Hydrogen peroxide H2O2 Use: Disinfection, Oxidation
Hydroxylated ferric sulfate O3 Use: Disinfection/oxidation
Polyacrylamides (C3H5NO)n Use: Coagulation aid, Flocculation aid, Filter aid
Potassium permanganate KMnO4 Use: Disinfection/oxidation
Sodium aluminates NaAlO2 Use: Coagulation
Sodium bicarbonate NaHCO3 Use: pH correction, Softening, Corrosion control
Sodium carbonate (soda ash) Na2CO3 Use: pH correction, Softening, Corrosion control
Sodium fluoride NaF Use: Fluoridation
Sodium fluorosilicate Na2SiF6 Use: Fluoridation
Sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) NaOH Use: pH correction, Softening, Corrosion control
Sodium hypochlorite NaOCl Use: Disinfection/oxidation
Sodium silicate Na2SiO Use: Coagulation aid, Flocculation aid, pH correction, Corrosion control
Sulfuric acid H2SO4 Use: pH correction
Oxygen O
Hydrogen H
Nitrogen N
Fluorine F
Sodium Na
Magnesium Mg
Aluminum Al
Manganese Mn
Iron Fe
Copper Cu
Arsenic As
Bromine Br
Iodine I
Mercury Hg
Lead Pb
Calcium Oxide (Quick Lime) CaO
Calcium Carbonate CaO3
Carbon Dioxide CO2
Carbon Acid H2CO3
Sodium Chloride (Salt) NaCl
Created by: jeffwhite