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Chem Final Vocab

Words for 2012 Rutter Chem Final

QuestionAnswer
Capable of being mixed. Miscible
The concentration of a solution expressed in moles of solute per 1,000 grams of solvent. Molality
The concentration of a solution expressed in moles of solute per liter of solution. Molarity
Not capable of being mixed. Immiscible
Bonding in which one or more electrons are transferred from one atom to another. Ionic Bonding
One of two or more compounds having the same molecular formula, but different structures. Isomer
Bonding in which atoms share electrons. Covalent Bonding
A straight or branched chain hydrocarbon in which the carbon atoms are connected by only single covalent bonds. Alkane
A straight or branched chain hydrocarbon in which the carbon atoms are connected by a double bond. Alkene
A straight or branched chain hydrocarbon in which 2 carbon atoms are connected by a triple bond. Alkyne
A law stating that the pressure of a given mass of an ideal gas is inversely proportional to its volume at a constant temperature. Boyle's Law
Pertaining to compounds made up of two elements. Binary
(1) A substance which when added to water, increases the hydroxide (OH) ion concentration of the aqueous solution (2) A substance which acquires protons from another substance. Base
The temperature at which the equilibrium vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the prevailing atmospheric pressure. Boiling Point
(1) A substance which, when added to water, increases the hydronium-ion concentration, (2) A substance which gives up protons to another substance. Acid
A substance which can act as either an acid or base. Amphiprotic
A law stating that the volume of an ideal gas at constant pressure is directly proportional to the absolute temperature. Charles' Law
A state of subdivision of matter ranging between the dimensions of ordinary molecules and microscopic particles. Colloidal State
(1) The process of converting a gas into a liquid or solid (2) Increasing the size of very small particles up to colloidal size. Condensation
The lowest temperature at which a substance may exist as a gas at atmospheric pressure. Condensation Temperature
The property of certain substances to take up water from the air to form a solution. Deliquescence
The process of spreading out spontaneously to fill a space uniform 1g; the intermingling of the particles of substances. Diffusion
The escape of molecules from the surface of liquids or solids. Evaporation
The rapid evolution of a gas from a liquid in which it is dissolved. Effervescence
The property of hydrated crystals to lose water of crystallization when exposed to air. Efflorescence
A substance whose water solution conducts an electric current. Electrolyte
The process of converting a liquid into a solid. Freezing
The freezing point depression of a solvent in a l-molal solution of a molecular solute in the solvent. Freezing Point Constant, Molal
The process of evaporation followed by condensation of the vapors in a separate vessel. Distillation
A crystallized substance that contains water of crystallization. Hydrate
A compound of hydrogen and carbon. Hydrocarbon
A combination of Charles' and Boyle's equations. Ideal
Pertaining to material which are not hydrocarbons or their derivatives. Inorganic
The reaction between hydronium ions and hydroxide ions to form water. Neutralization
The concentration of a solution expressed in gram-equivalents of solute per liter of solution. Normality
Pertaining to carbon compounds, particularly hydrocarbons and their derivatives. Organic
A process by which molecules of a solvent tend to pass through a semipermeable membrane from a less concentrated solution into a more concentrated one, thus equalizing the concentrations on each side of the membrane. Osmosis
A dispersion of particles >100 nm in a continuous medium. Suspension
A compound composed of the positive ions of an aqueous base and the negative ions of an aqueous acid. Salt
The dissolved substance in a solution. Solute
The dissolving medium in a solution. Solvent
An acid containing hydrogen, usually oxygen and one other element. Ternary Acid
Created by: ksalazar