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# SOL MATH review

### 5th grade math terms

Question | Answer |
---|---|

Round to the tens place 45 | 50 |

Round to the tens place 123 | 120 |

On which temperature scale is 0 freezing and 100 boiling for water | Celsius |

What units are used to show the volume of an object | cubic units |

Round to the nearest tenth 4.57 | 4.6 |

Which is longer: radius or diameter | diameter |

Simplify 4/8 | ½ |

What is ½ as a decimal | 0.5 |

On which temperature scale is 32 freezing and 212 boiling for water | Fahrenheit |

Our body temperature is 37 degrees Fahrenheit or Celsius | Celsius |

(2 x 3) + (2 x 5) = 2 x (3 + 5) is an example of which property of multiplication | distributive |

What is this sign > | greater than |

What is ¾ as a decimal | 0.75 |

What kind of graph shows changes over time | line graph |

Round to the nearest hundredth 1.754 | 1.75 |

Subtracting the smallest number from the largest in a set gives you the: | range |

If a circles diameter is 10, what is its radius | 5 |

What units are used to show area | square units |

Adding all the sides of a polygon gives you the | perimeter |

Multiplying the length times the width of a rectangle gives you the | area |

Which math operation does the word “fewer” mean to do | subtraction |

Which math operation does the word “altogether” mean to do | addition |

6(5) | 30 |

18 / 3 | 6 |

2 * 2 (2) | 8 |

An unknown quantity | variable |

3(4 + 5) = 3 x 4 + 3 x 5 is an example of what property of multiplication | distributive |

Name the factors of 10 | 1,2,5,10 |

Name 3 multiples of 6 | 6,12,18,24,30,36,42,48 |

Name two prime numbers between 10 and 20 | 11,13,17,19 |

Name the two quadrilaterals with four congruent sides | square and rhombus |

Name the only quadrilateral with only on pair of parallel sides | trapezoid |

What do all of these numbers have in common: 2, 14, 20, 16, 38 | they are all even |

What do all of these numbers have in common: 11, 23, 35, 47, 59 | the are all odd |

What place is two places to the right of the decimal point | hundredth |

Any line that has both of its endpoints on the circle | chord |

An angle that measures 73 degrees is: | acute |

What kind of triangle has two acute angles | all triangles |

What do the three angles in a triangle add up to | 180 |

What kind of triangle has one obtuse angle | obtuse triangle |

What sign is this < | less than |

What is 2k + 5 when k = 3 | 11 |

If two shapes are the same shape and same size, they are: | congruent |

If two shapes are the same shape, but different sizes they are: | similar |

On a circle, the line that goes from the center to the outside edge of the circle | radius |

On a circle, the line that cuts the circle in half | diameter |

What is the volume of a rectangular prism that is 2 inches long, 2 inches deep, and 3 inches high | 12 cubic inches |

A triangle with two congruent sides | isosceles |

A triangle with all sides congruent | equilateral |

A triangle with no sides congruent | scalene |

When flipping a coin, what is the probability of landing on heads | ½ |

When rolling a dice, what is the probability of rolling a 3 | 1/6 |

An angle that measures 90 degrees is: | right |

An angle that measures 123 degrees is: | obtuse |

What do we use to measure angles: | protractor |

What do you do first in the order of operations | parenthesis |

Do you do addition or multiplication first in order of operations: | multiplication |

Which is also known as “fair share”: mean or mode | mean |

Which describes the “variation” in a set of data: range or mean | range |

In the expression “n – 3 = 5” what is the variable | n |

What is the next number in the pattern: 1 , 2, 4, 8, ___ | 16 |

What is the difference of 15 and 9 | 6 |

4(9) | 36 |

27 / 3 | 9 |

What do you call the answer to an addition problem: | sum |

You would measure the capacity of a bathtub in: milliliters or liters | liters |

You would measure the weight of a desk in: milligrams, grams, or kilograms | kilograms |

What do the four angles of a quadrilateral always add up to | 360 |

A hexagon has how many sides | 6 |

What is the freezing point of water (C) | 0 |

Which math operation does the word “times” mean to do | multiplication |

If you are breaking something into “equal groups”, which math operation is that: | division |

What do you call the answer to a subtraction problem | difference |

You would measure the distance from Abingdon to Bristol in: centimeter, meters, kilometers | kilometers |

If you were putting in eye drops, you would use: milliliters or liters | milliliters |

Chances, odds, likelihood are all words used in: | probability |

What kind of number has only two factors | prime |

Which is greater ½ or 1/3 | 1/2 |

What do you call the answer to a division problem: | quotient |

What is the area of a rectangle that is 8 cm by 6 cm | 48 square centimeters |

If you are fencing in your back yard, you need to know the yards: | perimeter |

If you are putting carpet in a room, you need to know the rooms | area |

If you are filling a swimming pool, you need to know the pools | volume |

How many grams in a kilogram | 1,000 |

Add up every penny and divide by how many | mean or average |

How do we remember the order of operations | please excuse my dear aunt sally |

What place is three places to the right of the decimal point | thousandth |

What kind of number has more than two factors | composite |

When plotting points on a grid, which direction do you go first | over |

1 liter is about 1: | quart |

1 meter is about 1: | yard |

Which is longer: a mile or kilometer | mile |

Which is shortest: kilometer, meter, millimeter | millimeter |

What is the freezing point of water (C) | 0 |

A fraction is what kind of math problem: | division |

What does 4k mean | 4 times k |

What is the boiling point of water (F) | 212 |

What shape has 5 sides | pentagon |

What shape has eight sides | octagon |

If you are buying paint to cover a wall, you need to know the walls | area |

If you are framing a picture, you need to know the pictures | perimeter |

What do you call the distance around a circle | circumference |

Any shape with four sides is a | quadrilateral |

What is the rule for this pattern: 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 | add five |

What is the rule for this pattern: 21, 19, 17, 15 | subtract 2 |

5, 29, 37, 41, 67 All of these numbers are: | prime |

One paperclip weighs about: | 1 gram |

A large textbook weights about | 1 kilogram |

2,000 pounds equals | 1 ton |

How many minutes are in one hour | 60 |

How many hours are in one day | 24 |

How much time is between 1:00 pm and 1:00 am | 12 hours |

What time is it if it is “a quarter past 6” | 6:15 |

What time is it if it is “a quarter till 5” | 4:45 |

Another word for the average | mean |

The number that occurs most often | mode |

In division, the number being divided | dividend |

In division, the number your are dividing by | divisor |

What are the factors of 6 | 1,2,3,6 |

What is the area of a square with sides of 5 inches | 25 square inches |

The prefix kilo- means | 1,000 |

Mean, mode, and median are all | measures of center |

Range is the measure of: | variation |

The prefix centi- means | 1/100 |

The prefix milli- means | 1/1,000 |

5 * 6 | 30 |

What do you call a fraction with a bigger number on top: | improper fraction |

What is the number on top of a fraction called | numerator |

What is the number on the bottom of a fraction called | denominator |

If something has a 1 in 100 chance of happening, that event is: | unlikely |

If something has a probability of 0 happening, that event is: | impossible |

Numbers that end in 1,3,5,7,and 9 are: | odd |

If something has a probability of 1 happening, that event is | certain |

The number in the middle in a set of numbers is the | median |

What do you do with the decimal in addition | line them up |

What do you do with the decimal in division | take it straight up into your answer |

How many minutes are between 3:15 and 3:45 | 30 |

The point on a angle where the rays come together | vertex |

How many faces does a cube have | 6 |

How many vertices does a cube have | 8 |

For the set (1, 5, 7, 9, 9, 10) 9 is the: | mode |

Number that end in 2,4,6,8,and 0 are | even |

What do you do with the decimal in subtraction | line them up |

What do you do with the decimal in multiplication | count digits to right of decimal and place it in your answer |

0.75 as a fraction | ¾ |

0.25 as a fraction | ¼ |

0.5 as a fraction | ½ |

6 * 8 | 48 |

7 * 9 | 63 |

A fraction with a larger number on top | improper fraction |

What is 5/4 as a mixed number | 1 ¼ |

What is the greatest common factor of 8 and 12 | 4 |

What is the least common multiple of 4 and 5 | 20 |

How do you change a fraction to a decimal | divide the numerator by the denominator |

These numbers cannot be divided by 2 | odd |

For the set ( 1, 2, 6, 7, 9) 6 is the: | median |

These numbers can be divided by 2 | even |

What number is half-way between 5 and 10 | 7.5 or 7 1/2 |

For the set ( 5, 8, 9, 25) 20 is the | range |

Two lines that will never intersect | parallel lines |

Lines that intersect at right angles | perpendicular lines |

1,000 meters = 1 | kilometer |

What do 39 and 51 have in common | They are tricky composite numbers divisible by 3 |