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All about Matter

QuestionAnswer
What is matter? anything that has volume and mass
The amount of space taken up, or occupied, by an object is known as? volume
What is the curve at the liquid's surface called? meniscus
A property of matter that can be observed or measured without changing the identity of the matter is called? physical property
What are some physical properties to identify or describe matter? color, density, texture, state (solid, liquid, gas)
What is density? the amount of matter in a given space; mass per unit volume
What is the formula for density? D = m/v
What is the unit used to express density? g/cm³ or g/ml
What is the amount of matter in an object? Mass
What is a chemical property? a property of matter that describes a substance based on its ability to change into a new substance with different properties
What are some common chemical properties of matter? flammability, reactivity with acid, ability to decompose, able to be eaten, ability to rust or react with oxygen
a change that affects one or more physical properties but does not change the identity of a substance is called? physical change
What are some examples of physical change? cutting hair, grinding chalk into powder, freezing water, mixing oil and vinegar
What is a chemical change? when one or more substances are changed into entirely new substances with different properties
Baking a cake, iron rusting, rotting fruit, copper turning green over time are all examples of? chemical change
The properties that are used in identifying a substance, such as density, reactivity with acids, solubility are called? characteristic properties
Does the characteristic properties of a substance change if the sample being observed is large or small? no; the characteristic properties of a substance is always the same regardless of the size of the sample
How is a chemical change different from a chemical property? a chemical change is the actual process in which a substance changes into another substance; a chemical property describes a substance's ability to change
Created by: lcollette