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Chemistry Vocab #15

Chemistry words 351-375

The pressure exerted by a vapor in equilibrium with its liquid. Pressure, Equilibrium Vapor
The pressure exerted by a column of mercury exactly 760 mmHg high at 0 degrees Celsius. Pressure, Standard
The quantum number designated energy level and electron cloud size. Principle Quantum Number
Proton transfer of electrons. Protolysis
A positively charged particle found in the nucleus of an atom. It has 1836/1837 of the mass of the simplest type of hydrogen atom. Proton
A discrete "packet" of energy. Quantum
The numbers that describe the distance from the nucleus, the shape and the position with respect to the 3 axes in space of an orbital, as well as the direction of spin of the electron(s) in each orbital. Quantum Numbers
Having the property of radioactivity. Radioactive
A radioactive change in which a nucleus emits a particle and rays, forming a slightly lighter, more stable nucleus. Radioactive Decay
The spontaneous breakdown of an unstable atomic nucleus with the emission of particles and rays. Radioactivity
An element or compound entering into a chemical reaction. Reactant
The atom or ion that supplies electrons during an oxidation-reduction reaction. Reducing Agent
Any chemical reaction that involves the gain of one or more electrons by an atom or ion. Reduction
A reaction in which the products may react to produce the original reactants. Reversible Reaction
A compound composed of the positive ions of an aqueous base and the negative ions of an aqueous acid. Salt
Pertaining to a solution in which the concentration of solute is the maximum possible under existing conditions. Saturated
A substance with an electric conductivity between that of a metal and an insulator. Semiconductor
A region about the nucleus of an atom in which electrons move. Shell
The reliable digits in a measurement based on the accuracy of the measuring instrument. Significant Digits
A reaction in which one element replaces another in a compound. Single Displacement
The phase of matter characterized by definite shape. Solid
The amount of a solute dissolved in a given amount of solvent at equilibrium, under specific conditions. Solubility
The dissolved substance in a solution. Solute
A homogeneous mixture of two or more substances, the composition of which may be varied within definite limits. Solution
The clustering of solvent particles about the particles of solute. Solvation
Created by: ksalazar



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