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Chapter 6

Land Use controls

Aesthetic Zoning An area zoned strictly for aesthetic or appearance considerations
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) A Federal Act that facilitates accessibility and mobility by ramp construction, safety rails, wider doors, and other accommodations.
Buffer Zones Areas such as landscaped parks and playgrounds used to separate and screen residential areas from nonresidential areas
Building Codes NC requirements as to construction standards, with the primary purpose being safety.
Building Permit Written governmental permission for the construction, alteration, or demolition of an improvement, showing compliance with building codes and zoning ordinances.
Certificate of Occupancy Issued upon the satisfactory inspection of a structure; building is fit for occupancy and there are no building code violations
Conditional-use Permit Granted to a property owner who wishes to use property in a special way that is in the public interest such as a church or hospital.
Declaration of Restrictive Covenants A declaration of limitations established by a developer.
Enabling acts State legislation that confers zoning powers on municipal governments.
Extra-territorial Jurisdictions (ETJs) Areas outside incorporated limits that are subject to the zoning restrictions of a municipality
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Agency responsible for designating flood hazard areas bordering rivers and streams.
Flood Hazard Area Areas designated by FEMA as being prone to flooding.
Historic Preservation Zoning A zone created to preserve historic buildings and sites that are irreplaceable.
Interstate Land Sales Full Disclosure Act Law that requires those engaged in the interstate sale or leasing of subdivision lots to file a statement of record and register the details of the land with HUD
Laches Loss of a right through undue delay or failure to assert it.
Master Plan The primary method by which local governments recognize development goals.
Nonconforming Use Real property uses that were legally established before adoption of current zoning plan, but have been "grandfathered".
Overlay District A type of zoning that is superimposed over another type of zoning.
Plat Map A map of a subdivision indicating the location and boundaries of individual properties. Generally shows lots, blocks, easements, streets, floodplains, etc. Usually requires official approval before recordation.
Police Power The state's inherent authority to create and adopt regulations necessary to protect the public health, safety and general welfare of the citizenry.
Property Report A report furnished to prospective buyers contain essential information about a development contain 25 or more lots.
Protective covenant Private agreements usually imposed by the owner when property is sold that limits property use; frequently used by owner/developer to maintain specific standards in the subdivision. The covenants are appurtenant. Also called protective covenants
Restrictive Covenant or Protective Covenant Private agreements usually imposed by the owner when property is sold that limits property use; frequently used by owner/developer to maintain specific standards in a subdivision. The covenants are appurtenant. Also called protective covenants.
Spot Zoning When a particular property or group of properties is rezoned to permit a use different from the neighboring properties use.
Subdivision All divisions of a tract or parcel of land into two or more lots, building sites, or other divisions for the purpose of sale or building development
Variance Permission obtained from zoning authorities to build a structure or conduct a use that is expressly prohibited by the current zoning laws.
Zoning Ordinances Laws imposed by local government authorities that regulate and control the use of land and structures within a designated district or zone.
Created by: whitwill
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