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tr ch8

Chapter 8

QuestionAnswer
audit an examination of a company's financial statements and the accounting system
bank collection collection of money by the bank on behalf of a depositor
bank reconciliation document explaining the reasons for the difference between a depositor's cash records and the depositor's cash balance in its bank account
bank statement document the bank uses to report what it did with the depositor's cash. shows the bank account's beginning and ending balances and lists the month's cash transactions conducted through the bank
check document that instructs a bank to pay the designated person or business a specified amount of money
computer virus a malicious program that (a) reproduces itself, (b) enters program code without consent, and (c) performs destructive actions
controller the chief accounting officer of a company
deposit in transit a deposit recorded by the company but not yet by its bank
electronic funds transfer (EFT) system that transfers cash by electronic communication rather than by paper documents
encryption rearranging plain-text messages by a mathematical process; the primary method of achieving confidentiality in e-commerce
firewalls devices that enable members of a local network to access the internet but keep nonmembers out of the network
imprest system a way to account for petty cash by maintaining a constant balance in the petty cash account, supported by the fund (cash payment tickets) totaling the same amount
internal control organizational plan and all the related measures adopted by an entity to safeguard assets, encourage employees to follow company policy, promote operational efficiency, and ensure accurate and reliable accountingt records
nonsufficient funds (NSF) check a "hot" check, one for which the maker's bank account has insufficient money to pay the check
outstanding check a check issued by the company and recorded on its books but not yet paid by its bank
petty cash fund containing a small amount of cash that is used to pay for minor expenditures
voucher instrument authorizing a cash payment
trojan horse a malicious program that works like a virus but does not reproduce
Created by: tomrobbins