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Intro to Sociology

Chapter 4 Quiz

According to the text, what is the biggest determinant of differences in human behavior and attitude? Answer their location in the social structure
Alice is getting ready for an interview. She picked out a blazer & skirt and had her hair done. Alice is relying on her manner & appearance to communicate that she would be an excellent employee. What term would Goffman use to describe Alice's behavior? impression management
After studying the use of personal space in several cultures, what conclusion did Edward Hall reach regarding the amount of space people prefer? The amount of personal space people prefer varies from one culture to another.
Connie is an 82-year-old retired full professor taking undergraduate courses in deviance, criminology, and juvenile delinquency. Which sociological term most applies to Connie being 82 and an undergraduate student? status inconsistency
Cordell Walker is a Texas ranger, a husband, a father, a good friend to many, and a martial artist. Together, what term do sociologists use for the titles that apply to Ranger Walker? status set
Frank, Joe, Tony, Lee, and Bill spend most of their after-school time together fishing, hiking, and playing in their neighborhood. In view of this, which term best describes their relationship? They are a group.
A(n) ________ designates social position while a(n) ________ designates socially expected behavior. status; role
Helping someone else's role performance come off as planned through face-saving behavior is one type of ________. teamwork
Hilda is studying at the library. She placed her coat on the chair next to her & has spread books in front of the other chairs radiating out about four feet from her. Hilda is trying to establish a distance zone that Hall would call Hilda's ________. personal distance
In studied nonobservance, what reaction can be expected when an embarrassing or inappropriate act occurs? Both parties ignore the act and business continues.
Leo is a college graduate, cello teacher, and a member of Who's Who Among Students in American Colleges and Universities. What are these accomplishments collectively called? Answer his achieved statuses
Of the following, which status least qualifies as a master status? licensed driver
What are the behaviors, obligations, and privileges attached to a position a person occupies in society? roles
What do the concepts of judge, professor, mother, student, soldier, and mechanic have in common? They are all achieved statuses.
What is the term used to describe a group's language, beliefs, values, behaviors, and gestures? culture
What sociologist developed the concept of dramaturgy? Answer Erving Goffman
What term applies to the mechanisms society develops to meet its basic needs, such as family, religion, education, and medicine? social institutions
What term describes a position in life that one does not choose, but is awarded at birth or is related to the life course? Answer ascribed status
What term describes people who share a culture and territory? society
What was the term Durkheim used to describe the shared consciousness that people experience as a result of performing the same or similar tasks? Which of the following is least representative of activity that would take place in a biotech society? Answer
Which of the following statements summarizes the Thomas theorem? Answer If people define situations as real, they are real in their consequences.
Which society is given credit for ushering in "the dawn of civilization"? agricultural society
Which three variables does the author recognize as being especially significant in determining one's social class? Answer occupational prestige, income, and education .
Who was the sociologist who conducted research on the "Saints" and the "Roughnecks" to demonstrate the need to utilize both macrosociology and microsociology, often in the same study? Answer William Chambliss
Created by: malrey3