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Chemistry of Sust 1

Midterm

QuestionAnswer
NOx/SOx Nitrogen Oxide/Sulfur Oxide
Pollution Prevention Act of 1990 Pollution should be prevented or reduced at the source or recycled in an environmentally safe manner and that pollution that cannot be prevented or recycled should be, as a last resort, treated and disposed of in an environmentally safe manner.
Bisphenol A Used in plastic baby bottles and toys, adverse effects
National Research Council 1984 No toxicity data was available for almost 80%
Market basket system test a few samples of imported food, used by the FDA
CPSC Consumer Product Safety Commission, protect against UNREASONABLE risks of injuries associated with consumer products
Risk Hazard x Exposure
TSCA Toxic Substance Control Act, part of EPA, "unreasonable risk", test/ban, "generally regarded as safe"
USDA US Department of Agriculture, safety of meat, poultry, eggs
EPA Environmental Protection Agency, protect environment, pollution prevention, safer chemicals, risk reduction, public understanding
New Chemical Program Chemical "gatekeeper", TSCA section 5, must give 90 days for EPA before entered into commerce
TSCA Section 6 Protect against "unreasonable risk"
Chemical right-to-know initiative (Chem RTK) Everyone has the right to know, will gather data, especially on those used for children and publish it
CAS Chemical Abstract Services number, chemical identity, physical properties, environmental fate
PBT Persistent Bio-accumulative Toxics, resistant to degradation, persist and accumulate in natures and organisms
REACh Registration, evaluation, and authorization of chemicals, anything coming through Europe needs to be checked
MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet, created by OSHA, intended for workers, information about the chemicals
OSHA Occupational Safety and Heath Administration, insure safe working conditions for factory workers
NFPA Diamond health, flammability, reactivity, special,
EPCRA Emergency Planing Community Right to Know Act, no one wanted to be part of ChemRTK, congress told EPA to "make it public" but not how
Rio +20 20 years since UNCED (UN Conference on Environment and Development)/Earth Summit, reduce poverty by investing in renewable energies
Congress Passed Acts Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Safe Drinking Water Act, Superfund (CERCLA)
CERCLA Superfund, designed to clean up hazardous sites
RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, governing the disposal of solid waste
SIDS Screening Information Data Set
HPV High Production Volume chemicals, commonly used
P2, PPA Pollution Prevention, Pollution Prevention Act
TRI Toxic Release inventory
De-materialization a gradual decline in the amount of materials and energy it takes them to generate every dollar of gross domestic product
Lynn Goldman Thinks TSCA and the EPA need to do a better job
Chris Goodall UK consuming less
OMB cleared... Office Management of Budget cleared PBDE (flame retardants)
Created by: millermg2