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Heal 109 #2

JJC HEAL 109 Test #2

Which of the following is a characteristic of the sugar alcohols? They provide kcalories
About how many grams of carbohydrate are contained in one ounce of foods in the grain group? 15
All of the following are features of honey except it is the preferred sweetener in infant foods.
What are cellulose, pectin, hemicellulose, and lignin? Fibers
The chemical reaction by which starch is split into monosaccharides is termed hydrolysis.
When consumed in excess, which of the following is most likely to lead to diarrhea? Sorbitol
What is another name for lactose? Milk sugar
What is the reaction that links two monosaccharides together? Condensation
Honey contains more kcalories per teaspoon than sucrose.
All of the following are characteristic of a high-fiber diet except it may reduce risk of lung cancer but increase risk of breast cancer.
What is the approximate energy content (kcal/g) of most sugar alcohols? 2
After you and your friend Dolores share pretzels and animal crackers, she announces that she wants to start digesting her food by watching television. You inform Dolores that carbohydrate digestion begins in the mouth through the action of amylase, so she has already begun digesting the snacks.
A "functional fiber" is one that is extracted from plants and has a beneficial health effect.
Which of the following fibers is water insoluble? Cellulose
Which of the following is known to correlate most strongly with reduced risk of deaths from heart disease? High fiber intake
Which of the following provides the least amount of lactose per serving? Cheddar cheese
Which of the following is a byproduct of the condensation of two molecules of glucose? Water
Which of the following is not associated with the regular consumption of sugary beverages? The fructose stimulates excessive release of insulin, which suppresses appetite
A major feature of the Mediterranean diet is liberal intake of olive oil.
Results of the Seven Countries Study found that the population groups with highest and lowest rates of heart disease both consumed at least 40% of their kcalories from fat but the healthier group was found to ingest more olive oil.
Which of the following does not describe a function of fat? Supplies up to 25% of the body's energy needs during rest
Which of the following sources of lipids should be substituted for saturated fats to help lower blood cholesterol levels? Canola oil
Your roommate Bob has just come back from the doctor where he was subjected to a blood lipid profile analysis. The doctor provided him with dietary changes because the cholesterol results put him at increased risk for cardiovascular disease. Which of the Low HDL and high LDL
In most nuts, what is the distribution of saturated and unsaturated fats, in order of highest to lowest amounts? Monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, saturated
Which of the following is not a common dietary source of trans fats? Whole milk
Which of the following foods contains cholesterol? Roasted turkey
When stored at room temperature in loosely capped containers, which of the following dietary lipids would turn rancid in the shortest time? Soybean oil
The results of blood tests that reveal a person's total cholesterol and triglycerides are called a lipid profile.
Which of the following is a characteristic of fish consumption? Fatty fish contain the highest amounts of omega-3 fatty acids
What is the function of adipose cell hormone-sensitive lipase? Hydrolyzes triglycerides to provide fatty acids for other cells
Which of the following is a feature of adipose cell lipoprotein lipase? The enzyme works to promote uptake of circulating triglycerides into storage triglycerides
Which of the following describes a feature of cis-fatty acids and trans-fatty acids? In the body, trans-fatty acids are metabolized more like saturated fats than like unsaturated fats
Characteristics of hydrogenated oils include all of the following except products containing them become rancid sooner, contributing to a shorter shelf life.
Which of the following is known as a tropical oil? Cocoa butter
What nutrient is used to form ketones? Fat
Which of the following is a characteristic of lipids? Corn oil and sunflower are more prone to spoilage than palm kernel oil
Which of the following is the primary factor that differentiates one amino acid from another? The side group
Which of the following is a feature of the protein RDA? The recommendations are generous
Any of the following can be used by the body for the synthesis of a nonessential amino acid except an essential mineral.
The disease phenylketonuria is related chiefly to abnormal metabolism of a certain amino acid.
What protein is intimately involved in the formation of scar tissue in wound healing? Collagen
All of the following are characteristics of protein-energy malnutrition except it almost always exhibits overt signs.
When amino acids are deaminated, the immediate products are ammonia and often a keto acid.
Which of the following compounds does not contain nitrogen? Cholesterol
In the metabolism of amino acids for energy, what is the fate of the amino group? Excreted as urea
The body's amino acid pool consists of both essential and nonessential amino acids.
If the diet is lacking an essential amino acid, what will be the course of action? Protein synthesis will be limited
When two amino acids are chemically joined together, the resulting structure is called a dipeptide.
Which of the following conditions is associated with edema? Diminished concentration of blood proteins and hormones, which causes fluid to leak from the blood vessels
Which of the following is involved in the clotting of blood? Fibrin
Which of the following is a feature of diabetes? Dietary management should focus on total carbohydrate intake rather than the type of carbohydrate consumed
Created by: kbbruner