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Chem 121 ch4

chapter 4

Solute Dissolved substance
Solvent What solute is dissolved in
Electrolyte freely moving ions able to conduct an electrical current
Molecular Compound no ions present
Homogenous mixture mixture with evenly distributed contents
Electrical current flows in solutions that contain______ electrolytes
What is a strong electrolyte ionic solution with greater number of ions on a mole to mole bases
Weak Electrolyte partially dissociates in water, weakly conducts electricity
Non-electroyte can't conduct electrical current
are soluble ionic compounds weak or strong electrolytes? strong electrolytes
Precipitation Reactions Solid formation, ionic bonds formed/broken
Acid/Base Reactions Proton transfer, generally polar covalent bonds formed/broken
Oxidation/Reduction Reactions electron transfer, ionic and or covalent bonds formed/broken
Molarity (M) = mol/L
mol solute = and to calculate concentration of sample solutions in _______reactions Mi X Vi For titration reactions
Mi X Vi = mol solute= Mf X Vf (Mi X Vi = Mf X Vf) for calculating concentration for what type of solutions dilution
Arrhenius when dissolved in water
Acids produce H+
Bases produce OH-
Bronsted-Lowry Acids are? Bases are? proton transfer Proton donors Proton acceptors
Strong acids/bases ionize _____% in water 100% ionize
Weak acids/bases ionize < ______% in water < 100% ionize
Strong Acids HClO4 H2SO4 HI HBr HCl HNO3
Strong Bases LiOH NaOH KOH Ca(OH)2 Sr(OH)2 Ba(OH)2
Created by: ali2000k