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Chemistry 3-3

Bonding

QuestionAnswer
a mutual electrical attraction between the nuclei and valence electrons of different atoms that bind the atoms together chemical bond
why do atoms bond? they are trying to reduce their potential energy. they want to be in a more stable state.
what determines the type of bond formed? the way in which the electrons are redistributed
chemical bonding that results from the electrical attraction between large number of anions and cations ionic bonding
results from the sharing of electron pairs between 2 atoms covalent bonding
electron configuration in which only the valence electronsare shown as dots around the element's symbol electron dot notation
state the octet rule chemical compounds tend to form so that each atom, by gaining, losing, or sharing electrons, has 8 electrons in its highest energy level
covalent bonds where the electrons are shared equally by the bonded atoms resulting in a balanced distribution of electrical charge nonpolar
covalent bonds with an uneven distribution of electrical charges bc the bonded atoms have an unequal attraction for the shared electrons polar
a neutral group of atoms held together by covalent bonds molecule
list the 7 diatomic molecules H2, N2, O2, F2, Cl2,Br2, I2
indicates the relative numbers of atoms of each kind of element in a chemical compound by using atomic symbols and subscripts chemical formula
formulas in which atomic symbols represent the nuclei and inner shell electrons lewis structure
show the types and numbers of atoms combined in a single molecule of a molecular compound molecular formula
formula indicates the kind, number, arrangement, and bonds but not the unshared pairs of electrons of the atoms in a molecule structrual formula
the simplest collection of atoms from which an ionic compound's formula can be established formula units
ionic compounds usually exist as___ crystalline solids
the orderly arrangement of ions in an ionic compound crystal lattice
creates the ability for metals to be good conductors of electricity in the solid state metallic bonding
the attraction between the metal's atoms anad the surrounding sea of electrons metallic bonding
the measure of the ability of an atom in a chemical compound to attract electrons electronegativity
Created by: lovecamille018