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Chemistry Vocab #10

Chem vocab #226-250

Ionic Bonding Bonding in which one or more electrons are transferred from one atom to another.
Ionic Reaction A chemical reaction in which ions in solution combine to form a product that leaves the reaction environment.
Ionization The formation of ions from polar solute molecules by the action of the solvent.
Isomer One of two or more compounds having the same molecular formula, but different structures.
Isometric A crystalline system in which the three axes are at right angles, as in a cube, and are of equal length.
Isotope One of two or more forms of atoms with the same atomic number but with different atomic masses.
Kaolin A fine white clay composed of hydrated aluminum silicate.
Kelvin Temperature Temperature on the Kelvin scale which numerically 273 degrees higher than that on the Celsius scale.
Kernal The portion of an atom excluding the valence electrons.
Ketone An organic compound that contains the -C=O group.
Kiln A furnace used for producing quicklime making glass, baking pottery, etc.
Kilo Metric prefix meaning 1,000.
Kilocalorie The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water, one Celsius degree 4.19x10^3 joules of energy.
Kinetic Theory A theory pertaining tot he motion of the ultimate particles of substances and, in particular, of the molecules of gases.
Lake A pigment made by precipitating a dye with aluminum hydroxide.
Lanthanide Series Rare earth element of the sixth period, in which the transitional inner building of the 5d sub-level is interrupted by the inner building of the 4f sub-level.
Law A generalization which describes behavior in nature.
Leavening Agent A substance which releases carbon dioxide in a dough or batter.
Lime Calcium Oxide, CaO; also called quick lime.
Lime, Slacked A common name for calcium hydroxide, Ca(OH)2.
Lime Water A water solution of calcium hydroxide.
Linear Accelerator A particle accelerator in which the particles travel in a straight line thru many stages of potential difference.
Lipid An organic compound found in plant and animal tissue which is insoluble in water, but soluble in non-polar solvents.
Liquefaction The process of converting a gas or solid to a liquid.
Liquid The state of matter characterized by a definite volume, but indefinite shape.
Created by: ksalazar



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