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Organic Chemistry 11

HELP

QuestionAnswer
What has the suffex "-ane" Alkanes
Methane is a _______. Alkane
The study of the properties of the compounds of carbon that are organic. Organic Chemistry
Organic compounds that only contain hydrogen and carbon. Hydrocarbons
Hydrocarbons which do not contain a benzene ring are called _______ ___________. aliphatic hydrocarbons.
CH4 Methane
CnH(2n+2) is the general formula for Alkanes
CnH(2n) is the general formula for Alkenes
CnH(2n-2) is the general formula for Alkynes
C6H14 Hexane
C6H12 Hexene
C6H10 Hexyne
Same chemical formula but different shape. Isomer
If there are multiple side branches of the same size alkyl group their positions are separated by commas and the group prefixed with di, tri, tetra etc. Also if there are separate groups place them in alphabetical order. T or F True
If there are multiple side branches of the same size alkyl group their positions are separated by commas and the group prefixed with di, tri, tetra etc. Also if there are separate groups place them in the numerical order. T or F False
Have suffixes "-ene" and a number in the middle to show where the double bond is Alkenes
Has suffixes "-yne" and a number in the middle to show where the triple bond is Alkynes
CH2=CH-CH2-CH3 But-1-ene
CH2=CH-CH=CH2 buta-1,3-diene
Functional groups are prefixed with the bonding position - flouro, chloro, bromo, iodo. Halogens (Alkyl Halides)
CF3CHBrCl 2-bromo-2-chloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane
CHCl3 Trichloromethane
General Formula of (R-CO-R) Keytones
with the suffix one (pronounced own) keytones
CH3CH2CH2COCH3 pentan-2-one
General formula of (R-CHO) Aldehydes
Has the suffix al Aldehydes
Has a double bonded O and an H attached to final carbon of chain. Aldehydes
If an aldehyde is attached to a benzene and is the main functional group, the suffix becomes benzaldehyde
suffix oic- acids Carboxylic Acids
CH3CH2CH2CH2COOH Pentanoic Acid
General Formula of (R-O-R) (an oxygen between two carbon chains. Ethers
CH3-O-CH3 methoxymethane
CH3-O-CH2-CH3 methoxyethane
General formula (R-CO-O-R') esters
For an _______ the second group is named first then the R-CO-O part is then named as a separate word based on the carboxylic acid name with an ending of oate. Esters
CH3CH2CH2CH2COOCH3 methyl pentanoate
C-NH2 Methanamine
Have a nitrogen bonded with a carbon in the chain and two "things bonded" to the extra two bonds that nirtogen provides Amines
the general formula for (R-NH2) Primary Amines
(R-NH-R) general formula for Secondary Amines
(R-NR-R) Tertiary Amines
Has suffix amide Amides
Has a nitrogen and a double bonded oxygen to a carbon group. Amide
HCON(CH3)2 N,N-dimethylmethanamide
Created by: Leskis112254
 

 



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