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Chemistry Unit Three

Nomenclature

QuestionAnswer
binary compound chemical compound composed of only two elements
binary ionic compound a salt consisting of only two elements in which both elements are ions, a cation (which has a positive charge) and an anion (which has a negative charge)
common name non-systematic, usesd for naming compounds, not recognized as formal nomenclature; aka trivial
type 1 binary compound binary compound in which the cation has only one form, or charge
type 2 binary compound binary compounds in which the cation can have multiple forms
systematic name name given systematically to compounds. for example: lead(IV)oxide
type 3 binary compound binary compound with two metals
polyatomic ion a charged species ion composed of two or more atoms covalently bonded or of a metal complex that can be considered as acting as a single unit in the context of acid and base chemistry or in the formation of salts
oxyanion chemical compound with the generic formula AxOyz− (where A represents a chemical element and O represents an oxygen atom)
acid substance which reacts with a base and has a pH of less than 7
ion atom or molecule in which the total number of electrons is not equal to the total number of protons, giving it a net positive or negative electrical charge
cation ion with fewer electrons than protons, giving it a positive charge
anion ion with more electrons than protons, giving it a net negative charge
transition metals all elements in groups three through twelve of the periodic table
metals an element, compound, or alloy that is a good conductor of both electricity and heat.
Created by: stacie gooch
 

 



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