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Chapter 8 - Science

HCL Hydrochloric acid
KOH potassium hydroxide
NH4OH ammonium hydroxide
H2SO4 sulfuric acid
H2CO3 carbonic
NaOH sodium hydroxide
HNO3 nitric
H3PO4 phosphoric
Ca(OH)2 calcium hydroxide
Mg(OH)2 magnesium hydroxide
mixture that is made up of different things but comes together as one, evenly distributed homogenous mixture
dissolvent ( sugar in ice tea ) solute
what doe the dissolving( usually water ) solvent
dissolving process stirring, heating, crushing
water pulls ions from crystals dissociation ( ionic compound )
water floats molecules away dispersion ( polar )
water pulls molecules apart, creating ions ionization ( polar )
properties of solutions coductivity, lower freezing point, raise boiling point, heat with acids and bases
during the formation of a solution energy is released or absorbed heat of solution
when heat is released exothermic
when heat is absorbed endothermic`
contains as muc solute as the solvent can hold saturated
could dissolve more solute unsaturated
more solute is dissolved than the solvent can hold supersaturated
the amount of solute comparted to the solvent by percentage concentration
like dissolves like polar and nonpolar
factors affecting solubility of solids and gases temperature and pressure
produces hydronium ions in water solution, sour taste, corrosive to metals, electrolyte, reacts with indicators, and neutralizes bases. properties of aicds (H30+)
produces hydroxide ions in water solutions, bitter taste, slippery feel, caustic to flesh, electrolyte, reacts with indicators, and neutralizes acids. properties of bases (OH-)
when to atoms combine sometimes a substance preciptates out, the compound formed from the postive part of the base and the negative part f the acid. salts
a chemical reaction between and acid and a base producing a salt and water. neutralization
a pH of 7 neutral
a pH under 7 acid
a pH between 7 and 14 base
organicm acentric, boric, carbonic, citric, stuff you can eat, drink, not harmful weak acids
dilute, antacids, used in medicines and cleaners, eats away at acids and balences it out weak bases
solutions that are resistant to large changes in pH buffers
solutions that conduct electric currents electrolytes
Created by: Kimberlybaiada97