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CS 101 CHPT 01

The Way of the Program

The process of formulating a problem, finding a solution, and expressing the solution. Problem Solving
A language like Python that is designed to be easy for humans to read and write. High-Level Language
A language that is designed to be easy for a computer to execute; also called “Machine Language” or “Assembly Language.” Low-Level Language
A property of a program that can run on more than one kind of computer. Portability
To execute a program in a High-Level Language by translating it one line at a time. Interpret
To translate a program from High-Level to Low-Level Language all at once, in preparation for later execution. Compile
A program in a High-Level Language before being compiled is this kind of code. Source Code
The output of the compiler after it translates the program is called. Object Code
Another name for object code that is ready to be executed. Executable
A program stored in a file (usually one that will be interpreted.) Script
A set of instructions that specifies a computation. Program
A general process for solving a category of problems. Algorithm
An error in a program. Bug
The process of finding and removing any of the three kinds of programming errors. Debugging
The structure of a program, and the rules about that structure is called its? Syntax
An error in a program that makes it impossible to parse (and therefore impossible to interpret.) Syntax Error
An error that does not occur until the program has started to execute but that prevents the program from continuing. Runtime Error
Another name for a runtime error. Exception
An error in a program that makes it do something other than what the programmer intended. Semantic Error
The meaning of a program. Semantics
Any one of the languages that people speak that evolved naturally. Natural Language
Any one of the languages that people have designed for specific purposes. Formal Language
One of the basic elements of a language. Token
To examine a program and analyze the syntactic structure. Parse
An instruction that causes the Python interpreter to display a value on the screen. Print Statement
Common High-Level Languages are? C, C++, Perl, Java, and Python
Machine Languages and Assembly Languages are also know as? Low-Level Languages
Several basic instructions that appear in every language are: Input, Output, Math, Conditional Execution, and Repetition
Getting data from a keyboard, a file, or some other device are types of? Input
Displaying data on the screen or sending data to a file is a type of? Output
Performing basic operations such as addition and multiplication is a type of? Math
Checking for certain conditions and appropriating sequences of statements is this kind of execution: Conditional Execution
Performing the same action, some times with variation is called: Repetition
What are the three type of errors that can occur? Syntax, Runtime, and Semantic
Created by: r.bisek