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unit 4-section 1

vocab words

QuestionAnswer
Ion an electrically charged atom or group of atoms formed by the loss or gain of one or more electrons
Cation an ion with net positive charge, having more protons than electrons
Anion an ion with net negative charge, having more electrons than proton
Oxidation Number numerical charge on the ions of an element
Valence Electron an electron in the outer shell of an atom which can combine with other atoms to form molecules
Octet Rule a simple chemical rule of thumb that states that atoms tend to combine in such a way that they each have eight electrons in their valence shells
Ionic Bond a chemical bond between two ions with opposite charges
Covalent Bond a chemical bond formed by the sharing of one or more electrons
Molecular Compound the simplest unit of a chemical compound that can exist, consisting of two or more atoms held together by chemical bonds
Binary Compound chemical compound composed of only two elements
Polyatomic Ion an electrically charged species formed by covalent bonding of atoms of two or more different elements
Organic Compound any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
Hydrate a chemical compound that can dissociate reversibly into water and another compound
Diatomic Molecule a molecule with two atoms
Created by: 375princess