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Chemistry.Chapter.4

QuestionAnswer
Hydration Combination with water
Solution Homogeneous mixture. A sample of matter consisting of more than one pure substance with properties that do not vary within the sample.
Aqueous Solution A substance dissolved in water
Solute A substance dissolved in a solvent to make a solution
Solvent The most abundant component in a solution. Usually water.
Electrolyte A substance that dissociates fully or partially into ions when dissolved in a solvent, producing a solution that conducts electricity.
Strong Electrolyte a solute that completely dissociates into ions in solution and conducts electricity.
Weak Electrolyte a solute that incompletely dissociates into ions in solution. Conducts a low amount of electricity
Nonelectrolyte a substance that does not ionize in a solution or conduct any electricity
Acid a compound containing detachable hydrogen ions
Strong Acid an acid that completely dissociates into hydrogen ions and anions in solution. A strong electrolyte
Weak Acid An acid that only partially dissociates into hydrogen ions and anions in solution.
Weak Base A weak electrolyte that only partially dissociates into ions in solution
Molarity Molar concentration
Standard Solution A solution of precisely known concentration
Dilution Adding solvent to a solution to lower its concentration
Precipitate An insoluble substance that has been formed from substances dissolved in a solution
Soluble Capable of being dissolved in a solvent
Insoluble a substance that does not dissolve in a solvent to any significant degree
Spectator Ions an ion that appears as both a reactant and a product in an ionic equation
Equivalence Point the point in a titration when enough titrant has been added to react completely
Indicator A substance that undergoes an sharp, easily observable change when conditions in its solutions change
Endpoint The experimental estimate of the equivalence point in a titration
Oxidation the loss of one or more electrons by an atom, molecule, or ion.
Reduction the gain of one or more electrons by an atom, molecule, or ion
REDOX A reaction that involves transfer of electrons from one substance to another
Oxidation State A convention for representing a charge of an atom embedded within a compound
Oxidizing Agent A reactant that removing electrons from other reactants in a chemical reaction
Reducing Agent A substance that supplies electrons to another reactant in a chemical reaction
Created by: elyk01
 

 



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