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pht 100

chapter 8 part 4

QuestionAnswer
the best results for trituration are rapid motion & minimal pressure
levigation, spatulation, sifting, & tumbling also produce fine particles
levigation is used for ointments & pastes
levigation agents are castor oil & mineral oil
pulverizing by intervention reduces particle size with volatile solvent use
the volatile solvents are camphor, alcohol, iodine, & ether
in pulverization, the solvent is permitted to evaporate
sifting blends powders through using a siere
tumbling involves shaking combined powder in a container
techs should choose the best container for extending the beyond used date as much as possible
amber-colored vials are for light protection
oral syringes are calibrated to dispose creams/gels
new top-click bottles dispense a measured amount of meds
after processing, rx balance should be locked & covered
expired/discarded products are sealed & placed in biohazard bin
the pharmacists final check the master control record, calculations, measurements, & bottle labels
pharmacists also last check the products mixing adequacy, odor, color, consistency, & ph balance
pharmaceutical elegance is the physical look of the prep
pharmacists tell all patients how to use drugs, to store, & of the beyond use date
generally, insurance doesn't cover compounds
the cost isn't based on the ingredients but the time & experience of the staff
universal claim forms can be accepted by some insurances from the pharm] in which will later be reimbursed for the patient
compound pharm]s reference sources are 'remington:the science & practice of pharm]' & secundum artem: current & practical compounding info for the pharmacist (www.paddoncklabs.com)
the professional compounding centers of america have a nat'l & regional education & certification seminar, pharm] software, and marketing & business consultations
the u.s. pharmacopeia has monographs of 120 compound preps & guidelines/standards for safe preparation, packing, & storage
the best results for trituration are rapid motion & minimal pressure
levigation, spatulation, sifting, & tumbling also produce fine particles
levigation is used for ointments & pastes
levigation agents are castor oil & mineral oil
pulverizing by intervention reduces particle size with volatile solvent use
the volatile solvents are camphor, alcohol, iodine, & ether
in pulverization, the solvent is permitted to evaporate
sifting blends powder through using a sieve
materials for ointments/creams are manually incorporated
powders are combined using levigation, spatulation, sifting, tumbling, & trituration
for pediactric meds, what's needed is diluent powder
mixed diluent powder is an inactive ingredient added to an active ingredient in a capsule/tablet
the punch method is used for hand-filling capsules
caps are punched into a powder 'cake' until it's filled
mortars & pestles can mix more than one drug
adding the most potent drug starts off the geometric dilution method
the next potent drug in an equal amount is added in geometrical dilution
in geometric dilution, each successive addition should be equal the amount in the mortar
in geometric dilution, drugs in the mortar are combined gradually
there are 14 steps for nonsterile compounding listed by the usp ch. 795 which should be in the pharm]'s procedure manuel
when it comes to compounds, do NOT rush
pharmacists judge safety use & suitability & reviews the master control record in the computer
pharmacists print compound log sheet for techs to prepare them with
the compounding log has label typing info
the pharmacist calculates & the tech double checks the results
during compounding, techs initial each step made
afterwards, techs clean up all equipment, reshelves materials used, labels, & stores excess preps
Created by: wildap
 

 



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