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neuro pharm simple

neuro pharm

QuestionAnswer
diazepam (valium) benzodiazepine
triazolam (halcion) benzodiazepine
zolpidem (Ambien) NBRA (non-benzo hypnotic)
eszopiclone (lunesta) NBRA (non-benzo hypnotic)
flumazenil benzodiazepine antagonist
disulfiram (antabuse) blocks aldehyde DH
acamprosate (compral) inhibits NMDARs (prevent glutamate toxicity); treat alcohol w/drawal
baclofen GABA(B) agonist
β-carboline carboxyethyl ester inverse benzo agonist
fomepizole alcohol DH inhibitor
phenelzine MAOI
tranylcypromine MAOI
selegiline MAOI
moclobemide MAOI
amitriptyline TCA
nortriptyline TCA
desipramine TCA
clomipramine TCA
imipramine TCA
protriptyline TCA
doxepin TCA
fluoxetine SSRI
sertraline SSRI
citalopram SSRI
escitalopram SSRI
paroxetine SSRI
venlafaxine SNRI
desvenlafaxine SNRI
duloxetine SNRI
buproprion atypical antidepressant
mirtazipine atypical antidepressant
trazadone atypical antidepressant
Vilazodone atypical antidepressant
Nefazodone atypical antidepressant
Lithium treat bipolar disorder, unipolar depression augmentation
chlorpromazine phenothiazine antipsychotic; low potency block D2R
perphenizine thioxanthene antipsychotic; mid potency block D2R
haloperidol butyrophenone antipsychotic; high potency block D2R
Risperidone atypical antipsychotic
Palliperidone atypical antipsychotic
Ziprasidone atypical antipsychotic
Olanzapine atypical antipsychotic
Clozapine atypical antipsychotic
Quetiapine atypical antipsychotic
Aripiprazole atypical antipsychotic; D2R & 5HT1aR partial agonist & 5HT2a R inhibitor
morphine strong opioid R agonist
methadone strong opioid R agonist
meperidine strong opioid R agonist
fentanyl strong opioid R agonist
oxycodone strong opioid R agonist
heroin strong opioid R agonist
codeine moderate opioid R agonist
propoxyphene moderate opioid R agonist
hydroxycodone moderate opioid R agonist
pentazocine mixed opioid R agonist/antagonist
buprenorphine partial opioid R agonist
tramadol opioid R partial agonist, inhibit 5HT & NE reuptake
naloxone opioid R antagonist
naltrexone opioid R antagonist; decreases rewarding effects of alcohol
marijuana endocannabinoid R agonist
ketamine NMDA R antagonist , dissociative analgesic
phenycyclidine (PCP) NMDA R antagonist , dissociative analgesic
MDMA (ecstasy) complex effects on monoamines
methylxanthines (caffeine, theophylline, theobromine) phosphodiesterase inhibition and adenosine R antagonism
nicotine nicotinic cholinergic R agonist
cocaine CNS blockade of monoamine transport, esp DA & NE, prolonging catecholamine effects; peripheral Na channel inhibition
amphetamine indirect agonist enhancing catecholamine release
methylphenidate amphetamine, decreases DA reuptake by inhibiting DAT
dextroamphetamine indirect agonist enhancing catecholamine release
varenicline partial nicotinic cholinergic R agonist
Created by: childeb