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Pivot Point Ch 13

Chapter 13 Haircoloring

Which of the following are considered the three pure colors a. red, white and blue b. red, blue and yellow c. green, black and purple d. green, orange and purple RED, BLUE AND YELLOW
When mixing two primary colors in varying proportions, the colors produced are: a. red, blue and green b. red, blue and yellow c. orange, red and green d. orange, green and violet ORANGE, GREEN AND VIOLET
A mixture of blue with what color produces green a. red b. brown c. yellow d. orange YELLOW
Colors made by mixing primary colors with their neighboring secondary color in varying proportions are known as: a. cool b. pure c. tertiary d. complementary TERTIARY
Which of the following combinations is NOT a tertiary color a. red-violet b. blue-green c. red-orange d. blue-yellow BLUE-YELLOW
Tone can be expressed by which of the following descriptions a. light or dark colors b. bright or dull colors c. warm or cool colors d. mild or strong colors WARM OR COOL COLORS
If a client`s skin tone falls into the yellow, red and orange category it would be classified as a. cool b. dark c. light d. warm WARM
Rachel is planning to use a complementary color scheme for her future salon decor. Which of the choices below would she consider for her complementary scheme a. green & red b. red & yellow c. blue & yellow c. purple & orange GREEN AND RED
An application of which of the following complementary color categories would help eliminate unwanted brassiness or orange tones from a haircolor a. blue-based b. black-based c. green-based d. brown-based BLUE-BASED
What refers to the vividness of a color or the strength of the tone a. level b. melanin c. intensity d. porosity INTENSITY
Which of the primary colors is considered the darkest a. blue b. black c. green d. yellow BLUE
Which of the following is the lightest hair color level a. level 1 b. level 3 c. level 7 d. level 10 LEVEL 10
Melanocytes produce small egg-shaped structures called a. cuticles b. proteins c. polymers d. melanosomes MELANOSOMES
After viewing the cortex of hair under a microscope, red hair color would be determined due to a a. small amount of pheomelanin b. small population of eumelanin c. dense concentration of eumelanin d. predominant amount of pheomelanin PREDOMINANT AMOUNT OF PHEOMELANIN
When mixing an oxidative color for hair that is 25-30% gray, apply a color: a. one level darker than the desired shade b. one level lighter than the desired shade c. two levels lighter than the desired shade d. three levels lighter than the desired shade ONE LEVEL LIGHTER THAN THE DESIRED SHADE
If the hair is more resistant to color, the cosmetologist may need to: a. shampoo the hair b. check for elasticity c. pre-bleach the hair d. pre-lighten or pre-soften the hair PRE-LIGHTEN OR PRE-SOFTEN THE HAIR
A level of color shows: a. the porosity of hair b. the depth of intensity c. the warmth or coolness of hair d. the lightness or darkness of hair THE LIGHTNESS OR DARKNESS OF HAIR
The majority of the world population falls into which level of color b. dark c. light d. medium DARK
Which factor, along with the natural pigment and color level, might influence a client's color service a. humidity b. existing tone c. date of last cut d. client's emotional state EXISTING TONE
What identifies the warmth or coolness of a color a. base b. texture c. porosity d. intensity BASE
Which hair texture may tend to process slightly lighter than the intended level a. fine b. coarse c. medium d. thinning COARSE
Fine hair, which is less resistant, may appear to process in what manner when depositing color a. lighter b. darker c. redder d. warmer DARKER
Chemical products such as hair colors, lighteners, perms and relaxers affect a. the length of the hair b. the growth of the hair c. the porosity of the hair d. the diameter of the hair THE POROSITY OF THE HAIR
Which type of porosity may take longer to absorb coloring a. normal b. average c. extreme d. resistant RESISTANT
The condition in which the cuticle is lifted or missing is referred to as a. normal porosity b. average porosity c. resistant porosity d. extreme porosity EXTREME POROSITY
When hair has been identified as having resistant porosity, the cuticle layers are smooth and a. lifted b. raised c. missing d. compact COMPACT
When changing the color of the hair, keep in mind that the final hair color is a combination of the existing pigment and a. the client's wishes b. the amount of conditioner c. the client's natural skin tones c. the artificial pigment applied to the hair THE ARTIFICIAL PIGMENT APPLIED TO THE HAIR
For any color using an aniline derivative ingredient, what is required a. no gray hair present b. the client's signed approval c. a predisposition or patch test d. the MSDS paperwork that came with the product A PREDISPOSITION OR PATCH TEST
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of semi-permanent colors a. only deposits color b. retouches are not required c. leaves a line of demarcation d. does not use chemicals to alter the hair LEAVES A LINE OF DEMARCATION
Why are color molecules able to penetrate the cuticle layer of the hair when using semi-permanent products versus temporary colors SEMI-PERMANENT MOLECULES ARE SMALLER IN SIZE
Semi-permanent colors are alkaline and generally last through several shampoos depending on the a. texture of the hair b. porosity of the hair c. decolorization of the hair d. intensity of the color choice POROSITY OF THE HAIR
Demi-permanent colors are NOT designed to: a. add tone b. deposit color c. last 4 - 6 weeks d. lift or lighten existing color LIFT OR LIGHTEN EXISTING COLOR
Which of the following statements identifies what demi-permanent colors use to develop the color molecules and aid in the color processing a. no alkaline b. low volume peroxide c. 40% hydrogen peroxide c. 60% hydrogen peroxide LOW VOLUME PEROXIDE
Permanent hair colors are mixed with: a. shampoo b. conditioners c. metallic dyes d. hydrogen peroxide HYDROGEN PEROXIDE
Which type of hair colors lift the natural pigment and deposit artifical pigment in one process a. temporary b. permanent c. semi-permanent d. demi-permanent PERMANENT
Permanent dyes containing para-dyes would fall into which color category a. metallic dyes b. oxidative colors c. temporary rinses d. nonoxidative colors OXIDATIVE COLORS
Which of the following identifies the action performed by oxidative tints after initial application a. the hair strand swells b. the hair shaft becomes coated c. the cuticles on the hair strand close d. the hair takes on a peculiar odor and color THE HAIR STRAND SWELLS
In a permanent hair color procedure, the small colored molecules enter the hair with the aid of an alkalizing agent such as: a. peroxide b. ammonia c. nonoxidative d. thioglycolate AMMONIA
High lift tints are designed to achieve lighter colors & are generally mixed with double amount of: a. 10 or 20 volume hydrogen peroxide b. 30 or 40 volume hydrogen peroxide c. 50 or 60 volume of hydrogen peroxide d. 70 or 80 volume of hydrogen peroxide 30 OR 40 VOLUME HYDROGEN PEROXIDE
Cream hair colors are generally mixed with a cream developer and are commonly applied with a: a. spatula b. spray bottle c. squeeze bottle d. bowl and brush BOWL AND BRUSH
In order for a toner to be effective, which of the following steps needs to be performed a. pomade must be applied b. weekly rinse must be applied c. hair needs to be prelightened d. nonoxidative color must be applied HAIR NEEDS TO BE PRELIGHTENED
Which product would be selected to neutralize a brassy gold effect after prelightening a client's hair a. filler b. toner c. lightener d. developer TONER
A patch test is required with permanent colors because they contain which type of derivative a. aniline b. artifical c. oxygen d. hydrogen ANILINE
What base toner would be used to produce a neutral blond on prelightened yellow hair a. gold b. white c. violet d. yellow VIOLET
What product would be used to equalize the porosity and deposit a base color on a client's hair a. filler b. shampoo c. highlighter d. conditioner FILLER
Which result from the following choices could generally be expected when using a filler a. cut the shine in hair b. give the hair volume c. cut down on processing time d. replace the hair's missing primary color REPLACE THE HAIR'S MISSING PRIMARY COLOR
What products are used to remove or diffuse melanin a. tints b. toners c. lighteners d. intensifiers LIGHTENERS
Lighteners utilize ingredients such as ammonia and peroxide to penetrate the cortex and a. create a foundation b. stop the oxidation process c. cause the melanin to break d. increase the vibrancy of a color CAUSE THE MELANIN TO BREAK
How many stages of lightening or decolorization exist a. 4 b. 6 c. 8 d. 10 10
Hair should never be lightened or decolorized to: a. white b. palest yellow c. the third degree d. the orange stage WHITE
If the hair is overlightened a toner may cause the hair to appear: a. shiny b. brassy c. ashy or gray c. darker than desired ASHY OR GRAY
Which of the following factors would affect the processing time when lightening hair a. size of the cuticle layer b. presence of the medulla c. amount of product applied d. amount of natural pigmentation of melanin in the hair AMOUNT OF NATURAL PIGMENTATION OF MELANIN IN THE HAIR
Another name for undertone is: a. accelerator b. oxidative color c. nonoxidative color d. contributing pigment CONTRIBUTING PIGMENT
What can be mixed with a cream on-the-scalp lightener to speed up the process a. water b. peroxide c. a thinning agent d. an activator (booster) AN ACTIVATOR (BOOSTER)
In order to lift one or two levels of color, which of the following products would be selected a. filler b. toner c. oil lightener d. demi-permanent OIL LIGHTENER
A powder lightener without buffering agents and conditioners could NOT be used for which of the following procedures a. weaving b. surface painting c. partial highlights d. double-process blond DOUBLE-PROCESS BLOND
What product comes in powder form and when mixed with hydrogen peroxide becomes a strong lightening agent a. henna b. mousse c. on-the-scalp lightener d. off-the-scalp lightener OFF-THE-SCALP LIGHTENER
On-the-scalp and off-the-scalp lighteners have a pH level around: a. 5 b. 6 c. 8 d. 9 9
In order to become active, hydrogen peroxide needs to be mixed with ammonia or: a. lighteners b. buffering agents c. nonoxidative colors d. alkaline compounds ALKALINE COMPOUNDS
Which of the following items is an oxidizing agent used with demi-permanent and permanent colors, lighteners and toners a. filler b. draber c. intensifier d. developer DEVELOPER
What is the pH level of Hydrogen peroxide, a commonly used developer in hair coloring products a. between 1.2 and 2.2 b. between 2.5 and 4.5 c. between 5.5 and 6.5 d. between 7.2 and 8.2 BETWEEN 2.5 AND 4.5
What is used to achieve more levels of lift when working with lighteners a. a strong toner b. an additional developer c. lower volume of developer d. higher volume of developer HIGHER VOLUME OF DEVELOPER
Which type of mixing bowls may cause peroxide to weaken a. glass b. metal c. plastic d. ceramic METAL
what is the shelf life of hydrogen peroxide a. 2 months b. 1 year c. 3 years d. indefinite 3 YEARS
Metallic dyes are known as progressive dyes because the: a. hair lightens with each application b. hair darkens with each application c. cost increases with each application d. processing time decreases with each application. HAIR DARKENS WITH EACH APPLICATION
Color products that are available, but are not recommended for use are: a. temporary colors b. off-the-scalp lighteners c. semi-permanent colors d. metallic, compound dyes and vegetable dyes METALLIC, COMPOUND DYES AND VEGETABLE DYES
Why does the base area lighten faster when using a midstrand to ends then base (lighter) technique a. base hair is darker b. base hair is fully keratinized c. heat from the scalp accelerates processing d. lack of exposure to environment causes resistance HEAT FROM THE SCALP ACCELERATES PROCESSING
Which application technique is used to brush color or lightener directly on the surface of dry, styled hair a. base retouch b. base to ends c. freeform painting d. midstrand to ends then base FREEFORM PAINTING
Special effects using color darker than the natural hair color on selected strands is referred to as: a. lowlighting b. darklighting c. freeforming d. base to ends LOWLIGHTING
Which of the following techniques utilizes a piece of foil or thermal strip that holds lightener or color a. freeform painting b. retouch application c. weaving and slicing d. base to ends application WEAVING AND SLICING
The amount and density of the strands selected during the cap technique in hair coloring will determine: a. the porosity of the hair b. the elasticity of the hair c. the type of product to use d. if the effect will be subtle or dramatic IF THE EFFECT WILL BE SUBTLE OR DRAMATIC
After an oxidative color has been used, any leftover color product needs to be: a. discarded b. disinfected c. stored in a dry cabinet d. placed on the shelf in its proper place DISCARDED
Overlapping lightener during a retouch service could: a. result in breakage b. ensure proper coverage c. result in uniform coverage d. help speed up the procedure time RESULT IN BREAKAGE
If redness & swelling were found around the test area when performing a predisposition test, what steps should NOT be taken a. stop the service b. proceed with service c. ask client how they are feeling d. have client seek medical assistance PROCEED WITH THE SERVICE
A preliminary strand test should be performed: a. on the nape b. at the crown c. under the nape d. below the crown AT THE CROWN
If the hair does not appear light enough during a preliminary strand test, which step should be implemented a. decrease processing time b. increase processing time c. add a filler to the formula d. add conditioning agents to the formula INCREASE PROCESSING TIME
To avoid any false color analysis, be sure the area used for performing the analysis is: a. in the reception area b. a room with no windows c. well lit, preferably with windows d. a room with fluorescent lighting WELL LIT, PREFERABLY WITH WINDOWS
Repeating back what a client has said in order to clarify any misunderstanding is called: a. repetitiveness b. active listening c. passive listening d. reflective listening REFLECTIVE LISTENING
When should a cosmetologist ask a client about past color services a. during the greeting b. after the greeting, prior to performing service c. while completing the service & thanking the client d. while performing the service & talking with the client AFTER THE GREETING, PRIOR TO PERFORMING THE SERVICE
During a client consultation prior to the service, which of the following items could be used to better understand the clients specific desires a. appointment book b. hair color swatches c. client release statement c. history of taking vitamins HAIR COLOR SWATCHES
Maintaining ongoing hair color services and consistent chemical results can be achieved by: a. overbooking clients b. keeping accurate records c. leaving obligations unfulfilled d. using overtones when consulting clients KEEPING ACCURATE RECORDS
Temporary colors should be applied to which of the following hair conditions a. dry hair b. soaking wet hair c. unshampooed hair d. clean, towel-blotted hair CLEAN, TOWEL-BLOTTED HAIR
Semi-permanent colors that contain an aniline derivative ingredient require a: a. strand test b. porosity test c. metallic salt test d. predisposition test PREDISPOSITION TEST
Applying color over previously colored hair to refresh the color is referred to as: a. color glazing b. temporary color c. on-the-scalp lightener d. off-the-scalp lightener COLOR GLAZING
During a retouch procedure, apply mixture to: a. ends only b. faded areas only c. entire hair structure d. base (regrowth) area only BASE (REGROWTH) AREA ONLY
What type of lightener is generally used when performing a cap highlighting technique a. oil b. liquid c. cream d. powder POWDER
What process involves lightening the hair and then recoloring to the desired tone a. toning b. recoloring c. cap highlighting d. double-process blond DOUBLE-PROCESS BLOND
What size partings are used for a double-process blond procedure a. one eighth inch (.3cm) b. one quarter inch (.6cm) c. one half inch (1.25 cm) d. one inch (2.54cm) ONE EIGHTH INCH (.3CM) 1/8"
In a double-process blond procedure, after rinsing the lightener and checking for scalp abrasions you should: a. style the hair b. shampoo the hair c. dry the hair completely d. mix and apply the toner MIX AND APPLY THE TONER
Coloring the hair back to its original color is called a: a. tint back b. stripping c. lightening d. repositioning TINT BACK
Which of the following methods would be used if a hair color service results in a darker color than the client desires a. tint back b. apply lightener c. double-process blond d. hair color removal technique HAIR COLOR REMOVAL TECHNIQUE
What would provide an even base from which to work during a tint back procedure a. filler b. peroxide c. conditioners d. medicated shampoo FILLER
Which of the following responses could be the reason for a color result that is too light a. color formula was too light b. hair wasn't decolorized enough c. strength of developer was too low d. color formula used equal proportions COLOR FORMULA WAS TOO LIGHT
Apply 70% alcohol to the hair strand for five to seven minutes to remove which of the following products: a. henna b. a filler c. shampoo d. a neutralizer HENNA
Generally following a color removal procedure, the stylist should: a tint to desired color b. immediately dry hair c. immediately trim hair d. immediately condition hair TINT TO DESIRED COLOR
Created by: lois100754



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